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Early trade-offs and top-level design drivers for Antarctic greenhouses and plant production facilities

Bamsey, Matthew and Zabel, Paul and Zeidler, Conrad and Vrakking, Vincent and Schubert, Daniel and Kohlberg, Eberhard and Stasiak, Michael and Graham, Thomas (2016) Early trade-offs and top-level design drivers for Antarctic greenhouses and plant production facilities. 46th International Conference on Environmental Systems, 10-14 July 2016, Vienna, Austria.

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The development of plant production facilities for extreme environments presents challenges not typically faced by developers of greenhouses in more traditional environments. Antarctica represents one of the most inhospitable environments on Earth and presents unique challenges to facility developers with respect to environmental regulations, logistics, waste management, and energy use. The unique challenges associated with plant production in Antarctica heavily influence the selection of subsystem components and technologies as well as the operational paradigms used to operate the facilities. This paper details a wide array of the early design choices and trade-offs that have arisen in the development of Antarctic plant production facilities. Specific requirements and several guidelines stemming from the Antarctic Treaty’s Protocol on Environment Protection and their influence on Antarctic plant production facilities are described. A review of guidelines for Antarctic greenhouses published by several national Antarctic operators is also described. The specific technology choices of several past and present Antarctic greenhouses are summarized, as are the general operational strategies, such as solid and nutrient solution waste handling. Specific lessons learned input was compiled directly from developers and operators of a number of these facilities. A discussion on the Antarctic climate, differences in Antarctic installation locations, internal versus external station plant growth facilities, preshipment testing programs, carbon dioxide enrichment and numerous other Antarctic facility design trade-offs are elaborated. It is hoped that this paper can serve as a useful checklist for future Antarctic plant production facility developers.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/105744/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Additional Information:ICES-2016-201
Title:Early trade-offs and top-level design drivers for Antarctic greenhouses and plant production facilities
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Zabel, PaulPaul.zabel (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Zeidler, Conradconrad.zeidler (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6049-1321
Vrakking, VincentVincent.Vrakking (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Schubert, Danieldaniel.schubert (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Kohlberg, EberhardAlfred-Wegener-Institute Helmholtz-Center for Polar and Marine Research, 27568 Bremerhaven, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Stasiak, MichaelUniversity of GuelphUNSPECIFIED
Graham, ThomasUniversity of GuelphUNSPECIFIED
Date:July 2016
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Bioregenerative life support, Neumayer Station III, Antarctica
Event Title:46th International Conference on Environmental Systems
Event Location:Vienna, Austria
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:10-14 July 2016
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Projekt :envihab (old)
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > System Analysis Space Segment
Deposited By: Bamsey, Matthew
Deposited On:24 Aug 2016 08:53
Last Modified:09 Nov 2020 10:50

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