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Review and analysis of over 40 years of space plant growth systems

Zabel, Paul and Bamsey, Matthew and Schubert, Daniel and Tajmar, Martin (2016) Review and analysis of over 40 years of space plant growth systems. Life Sciences in Space Research, 10, pp. 1-16. Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/j.lssr.2016.06.004. ISSN 2214-5524.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lssr.2016.06.004


The cultivation of higher plants occupies an essential role within bio-regenerative life support systems. It contributes to all major functional aspects by closing the different loops in a habitat like food production, CO2 reduction, O2 production, waste recycling and water management. Fresh crops are also expected to have a positive impact on crew psychological health. Plant material was first launched into orbit on unmanned vehicles as early as the 1960s. Since then, more than a dozen different plant cultivation experiments have been flown on crewed vehicles beginning with the launch of Oasis 1, in 1971. Continuous subsystem improvements and increasing knowledge of plant response to the spaceflight environment has led to the design of Veggie and the Advanced Plant Habitat, the latest in the series of plant growth systems. The paper reviews the different designs and technological solutions implemented in higher plant flight experiments. Using these analyses a comprehensive comparison is compiled to illustrate the development trends of controlled environment agriculture technologies in bio-regenerative life support systems, enabling future human long-duration missions into the solar system.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/105478/
Document Type:Article
Title:Review and analysis of over 40 years of space plant growth systems
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Zabel, PaulPaul.Zabel (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7907-9230
Schubert, Danieldaniel.schubert (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Tajmar, MartinTU DresdenUNSPECIFIED
Date:August 2016
Journal or Publication Title:Life Sciences in Space Research
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
DOI :10.1016/j.lssr.2016.06.004
Page Range:pp. 1-16
Keywords:Bio-regenerative life support; Space greenhouse; Controlled environment agriculture
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space System Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Space System Technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Systemanalyse Raumsegment (old)
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > System Analysis Space Segment
Deposited By: Zabel, Paul
Deposited On:04 Aug 2016 12:18
Last Modified:06 Oct 2016 14:02

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