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Power and Biomass-to-Liquid (PBtL): a Promising Approach to Produce Biofuels using Electricity

König, Daniel Helmut and Albrecht, Friedemann Georg and Dietrich, Ralph-Uwe (2016) Power and Biomass-to-Liquid (PBtL): a Promising Approach to Produce Biofuels using Electricity. In: Papers of the 24th European Biomass Conference, pp. 1074-1078. ETA-Florence Renewable Energies. 24th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, 06.-09. Jun. 2016, Amsterdam, Niederlande. DOI: 10.5071/24thEUBCE2016-3CO.7.3 ISBN 978-88-89407-165 ISSN 2282-5819

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Abstract

To achieve the emission mitigation and de-carbonization goals future aviation sector requires alternative sustainable fuels. Synthetic paraffinic kerosene, generated by Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, is certified as a drop-in jet fuel up to 50 %. Potential production routes are via conversion of biomass (Biomass-to-Liquid, BTL), the combination of renewable power and biomass (Power-and-Biomass-to-Liquid, PBTL) and the conversion of CO2 with hydrogen to fuels (Power-to-Liquid, PTL). Even if the BTL route enables the lowest net production costs, it has some drawbacks compared to the alternatives. The fuel yield of the BTL concepts can be increased by a factor of about 3 by the PBTL processes. The highest overall efficiency is found for the PTL (48.1 %) followed by PBTL (45.0 %) and last BTL (29.8 %). For BTL only 27 % of the introduced carbon can be converted into fuels. The total investment costs are highest for BTL, followed by PBTL and PTL. The net production costs are in the reverse order. Low electricity prices and high capacities are advantageous for PBTL, while high electricity prices favor BTL-concept.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/105445/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Power and Biomass-to-Liquid (PBtL): a Promising Approach to Produce Biofuels using Electricity
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
König, Daniel Helmutdaniel.koenig (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Albrecht, Friedemann Georgfriedemann.albrecht (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Dietrich, Ralph-Uweralph-uwe.dietrich (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:6 June 2016
Journal or Publication Title:Papers of the 24th European Biomass Conference
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
DOI :10.5071/24thEUBCE2016-3CO.7.3
Page Range:pp. 1074-1078
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Faaij, A.P.CGroningen University
Baxter, D.European Commission
Grassi, A.ETA-Florence Renewable Energies
Helm, P.WIP - Renewable Energies
Publisher:ETA-Florence Renewable Energies
ISSN:2282-5819
ISBN:978-88-89407-165
Status:Published
Keywords:biofuels, cost analysis, performance, biomass-to-liquid (BtL)
Event Title:24th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition
Event Location:Amsterdam, Niederlande
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:06.-09. Jun. 2016
Organizer:ETA-Florence Renewable Energies
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Storage and Cross-linked Infrastructures
HGF - Program Themes:Synthetic Hydrocarbons
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E EV - Energy process technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Thermochemical Processes (Synth. HC.) (old)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Thermal Process Technology
Deposited By: König, Daniel Helmut
Deposited On:27 Jul 2016 11:15
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:02

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