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Maximal aerobic power and anaerobic capacity in cycling across the age spectrum in male master athletes

Capelli, C. and Rittweger, J. and Bruseghini, P. and Calabria, E. and Tam, E. (2016) Maximal aerobic power and anaerobic capacity in cycling across the age spectrum in male master athletes. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 116 (7), pp. 1395-1410. Springer. DOI: 10.1007/s00421-016-3396-9 ISSN 1439-6319

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Official URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00421-016-3396-9

Abstract

Purpose We analyzed the best performance times of master cycling athletes in the 200–3000 m track competitions to estimate the decay of maximal aerobic power (MAP) and anaerobic capacity (AnS) with aging. Methods In various decades of age (30–80 years), MAP and AnS were estimated using an iterative procedure as the values that minimize the difference between: (1) the metabolic power (E ˙ (t) ) necessary to cover a given distance (d) in the time t and; (2) the maximal metabolic power (E ˙ max (t)) maintained at a constant level throughout the competition. Results MAP started decreasing at 45 years of age. Thereafter, it showed an average percent rate of decrease of about 16 % for decade, as previously shown in other classes of master athletes. In addition, AnS seemed to decay by about 11 % every 10 years from the second part of the fifth decade. Conclusions The decay of MAP occurred in spite of the active lifestyle of the subjects and it may be attributed to the progressive impairment of maximal O2 delivery and/or of peripheral O2 utilization. The loss of AnS might derive from the progressive loss of muscle mass occurring after the fifth decade of life, to the progressive qualitative deterioration of the anaerobic energy yielding pathways or to the lower capacity of MN recruitment during maximal efforts. The proposed approach may be applied to other types of human locomotion of whom the relationship between performance t and E ˙ (t) is known.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/105201/
Document Type:Article
Title:Maximal aerobic power and anaerobic capacity in cycling across the age spectrum in male master athletes
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Capelli, C.University of Verona, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Rittweger, J.Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, DLR e.V., Cologne, Germany and Medical Faculty, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany; joern.rittweger (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Bruseghini, P.University of Verona, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Calabria, E.University of Verona, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Tam, E.University of Verona, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Date:July 2016
Journal or Publication Title:European Journal of Applied Physiology
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:116
DOI :10.1007/s00421-016-3396-9
Page Range:pp. 1395-1410
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Westserblad, HåkanKarolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
Westerterp, Klaas R.University of Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1439-6319
Status:Published
Keywords:Master athletes; Maximal aerobic power; Anaerobic capacity; Cycling; Aging;
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Integrative Studien (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Space Physiology
Deposited By: Becker, Christine
Deposited On:09 Nov 2016 10:05
Last Modified:06 Sep 2019 15:25

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