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Development of a Marslander with crushable shock absorber by virtual and experimental testing

Schröder, Silvio and Reinhardt, Bianca and Brauner, Christian and Gebauer, Ingo and Buchwald, R. (2015) Development of a Marslander with crushable shock absorber by virtual and experimental testing. 66th International Astronautical Congress, 12.-16. Okt. 2015, Jerusalem, Israel.

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Abstract

Since the beginning of space exploration, probes have been sent to other planets or moons with the associated challenge of landing on these bodies. For a soft landing several damping methods like landing legs or airbags have been used. A new and potentially less complex and lighter way to reduce the shock loads at touchdown is the use of a crushable shield underneath the lander platform. This crushable shield could be made for example out of an energy absorbing materials like an aluminum honeycomb core with a High Performance Polyethylene cover sheet. The design is particularly advantageous since no moving parts nor other mechanisms are required, thus making the shield very robust and fail safe. The only mission that is currently planned to use this technique is the ESA-mission “ExoMars” which is planned to start in 2016. The development of such a crushable shock absorber implies and requires assessment of materials, manufacturing processes, the setup of a numerical simulation and the experimental validation in a test lab. In an independent research project (Marslander1) a representative engineering mockup of the landing platform has been build and tested at the Landing & Mobility Test Facility (LAMA) to support the numerical simulation model with experimental data. The simulations are based on the explicit Finite Element Method, which discretizes the structure into a defined number of elements, such that each element is assigned a set of equations describing the material properties and applied loads. The goal is to generate a simplified but still accurate model to predict landing scenarios by running Monte Carlo simulations. Results of the above stated development and testing processes will be presented and discussed in this paper.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/105089/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Development of a Marslander with crushable shock absorber by virtual and experimental testing
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Schröder, SilvioDLR Bremen, silvio.schroeder (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Reinhardt, BiancaUniversität BremenUNSPECIFIED
Brauner, ChristianFaserinstitut BremenUNSPECIFIED
Gebauer, IngoFibretech composites GmbHUNSPECIFIED
Buchwald, R.Astrium Space Transportation, Robert.Buchwald (at) astrium.eads.netUNSPECIFIED
Date:2015
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Mars, Lander, landing, shock Absorber, honeycomb, LAMA, testing, numerical Simulation, DLR
Event Title:66th International Astronautical Congress
Event Location:Jerusalem, Israel
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:12.-16. Okt. 2015
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Projekt ExoMars, R - Vorhaben Landetechnologien
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > Explorationssysteme
Deposited By: Schröder, Silvio
Deposited On:04 Aug 2016 12:04
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:02

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