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Centrifugation as a countermeasure during bed rest and dry immersion: What has been learned?

Clément, Gilles and Paloski, William and Rittweger, Jörn and Linnarsson, Dag and Bareille, M.P. and Mulder, Edwin and Wuyts, F.L. and Zange, Jochen (2016) Centrifugation as a countermeasure during bed rest and dry immersion: What has been learned? Journal of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions, 16 (2), pp. 84-91. International Society of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions. ISSN 1108-7161

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Abstract

We review the studies that have evaluated intermittent short-radius centrifugation as a potential countermeasure for cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, and sensorimotor deconditioning in simulated weightlessness. Methods: The findings from 18 experimental protocols that have used bed rest and dry immersion for comparing the protective effects of centrifugation versus standing upright or walking, and the effects of continuous vs. periodic exposure to centrifugation are discussed. Results: Centrifugation for as little as 30 min per day was found to be effective in mitigating orthostatic intolerance and strength in postural muscle after 5 days of bed rest, but it was not effective in mitigating plasma volume loss. Conclusion: To determine the optimal prescription for centrifugation as a ountermeasure, we recommend further studies using (a) bed rest of longer duration, (b) individualized prescriptions of centrifugation combined with exercise, and (c) functional performance tests.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/105086/
Document Type:Article
Title:Centrifugation as a countermeasure during bed rest and dry immersion: What has been learned?
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Clément, GillesInternational Space University, Strasbourg, France, EUUNSPECIFIED
Paloski, WilliamNASA JSC, HoustonUNSPECIFIED
Rittweger, JörnJoern.Rittweger (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Linnarsson, DagKarolinska Institutet, Dept. of Physiology and Pharmacology, Sect. of Environmental PhysiologyUNSPECIFIED
Bareille, M.P.French Institute for Space Medicine and Physiology (MEDES) Clinique Spatiale, Toulouse, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Mulder, EdwinGerman Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Space Physiology, Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Wuyts, F.L.University of AntwerpUNSPECIFIED
Zange, JochenGerman Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Space Physiology, Cologne, Germany; and Medical Faculty of the University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany; jochen.zange (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2016
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:16
Page Range:pp. 84-91
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Cochrane, DUNSPECIFIED
Publisher:International Society of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions
ISSN:1108-7161
Status:Published
Keywords:Bed Rest, Dry Immersion, Centrifugation, Artificial Gravity
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Integrative Studien (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Space Physiology
Deposited By: Becker, Christine
Deposited On:06 Jul 2016 12:34
Last Modified:10 Jan 2019 15:51

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