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Selecting the appropriate gasification technology and system design for Power and Biomass-to-Liquid concepts: A case study

Albrecht, Friedemann Georg and König, Daniel Helmut and Dietrich, Ralph-Uwe (2016) Selecting the appropriate gasification technology and system design for Power and Biomass-to-Liquid concepts: A case study. DGMK-DGMK Fachbereichstagung „Konversion von Biomasse und Kohlen“, 09.-11. Mai 2016, Rotenburg a. d. F..

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Abstract

Biomass based biofuels offer a significant potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in aviation and heavy load transportation. Though, the available biomass potential is subject to natural restrictions and further limited due to usage competition with other biomass applications. In order to maximize biofuel yield, Power and Biomass-to-liquid (PBtL) concepts gained recently in importance. The main idea is to add sustainable hydrogen from water electrolysis using renewable electricity in a reverse water-gas shift (rWGS) reactor to common biomass gasification concepts. A great challenge is to identify the optimal system design of PBtL plants in terms of fuel yield, energy efficiency and fuel net production costs. A large number of more or less state-of-the-art biomass gasification technologies exist currently on the market each one requiring a different biomass pretreatment and raw gas cleaning. Furthermore, the design of the synthesis plant offers various optimization options regarding operation conditions, selection of Fischer-Tropsch reactor type and number and position of recycle streams. Various PBtL system designs have been proposed at the German Aerospace Center (DLR) based on the different gasification technologies fix bed, fluidized bed and entrained flow gasification. The system performances were estimated and compared in terms of carbon conversion, energy efficiency and fuel net production costs. In addition, a detailed exergy analysis of a reference PBtL concept has been carried out in order to identify further optimizations potentials in the process chain. It was shown that the appropriate selection of the biomass gasifier highly depends on the type and available potential of biomass. Entrained flow gasification is superior in terms of economic performance for large scale PBtL plants in the >100 MW (LHV biomass) range. Fluidized bed gasification is attractive for small and medium scale plants, though, an extensive syngas cleaning is typically required. Using pure oxygen as gasification medium reduces total investment costs significantly. By implementing several recycles and a high operation temperature in the rWGS reactor, carbon conversion efficiencies close to 98% can be achieved. The product yield of PBtL concepts was thereby nearly quadrupled compared to common Biomass-to-Liquid plants. Most exergy is lost during biomass gasification and in the rWGS reactor indicating the need for further research in these areas. Capital expenses for the gasifier and the electrolyzer are the most significant cost factors for small scale plants independent of the chosen system design, whereas expenditures on raw materials and electricity define the fuel price for large scale plants.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/104937/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Selecting the appropriate gasification technology and system design for Power and Biomass-to-Liquid concepts: A case study
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Albrecht, Friedemann GeorgFriedemann.Albrecht (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
König, Daniel HelmutDaniel.Koenig (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Dietrich, Ralph-UweRalph-Uwe.Dietrich (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2016
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Techno-Ökonomische Bewertung, Biokraftstoffe der zweiten Generation, Biomassevergasung, Alternative Kraftstoffe
Event Title:DGMK-DGMK Fachbereichstagung „Konversion von Biomasse und Kohlen“
Event Location:Rotenburg a. d. F.
Event Type:national Conference
Event Dates:09.-11. Mai 2016
Organizer:DGMK
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Terrestrial Vehicles (old)
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V BF - Bodengebundene Fahrzeuge
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Future Fuels (old), E - Thermochemical Processes (Synth. HC.) (old)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Thermal Process Technology
Deposited By: Albrecht, Friedemann Georg
Deposited On:06 Jul 2016 08:51
Last Modified:06 Jul 2016 08:51

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