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Mapping paddy rice in Asia: a multi-sensor, time-series approach.

Clauss, Kersten and Mack, Benjamin and Dech, Stefan and Künzer, Claudia (2016) Mapping paddy rice in Asia: a multi-sensor, time-series approach. 36th EARSeL Symposium 2016, 20-24 June 2016, Bonn, Germany.

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Abstract

Rice is the most important food crop in Asia and the mapping and monitoring of paddy rice fields is an important task in the context of food security, food trade policy and greenhouse gas emissions modelling. Two countries where rice is of special significance are China, the largest producer and importer of rice, and Vietnam, where rice exports contribute a fifth to the GDP. Both countries are facing increasing pressure in terms of food security due to population and economic growth while agricultural areas are confronted with urban encroachment and the limits of yield increase. Despite the importance of knowledge about rice production the countries official land cover products and rice production statistics are of varying quality and sometimes even contradict each other. Available remote sensing studies focused either on time-series analysis from optical sensors or from Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) sensors – the studies using optical sensors faced problems due to either the spatial or temporal resolution and the persistent cloud cover while SAR studies found the limited data availability and large image size to be the biggest drawbacks. We try to address these issues by proposing a paddy rice mapping approach that combines medium spatial resolution, temporally dense time-series from the optical MODIS sensors and high spatial resolution time-series from the recently launched Sentinel-1 SAR sensor. We used the 250m resolution MOD13Q1 and MYD13Q1 products as a basis for our medium resolution rice map. Prevalent cloud cover introduces noise into these timeseries which we reduced by applying a Savitzky-Golay filter. We then derived a number of time-series temporal and phenological metrics for multiple years and classified rice areas with One Class Support Vector Machines. In a next step we used this medium resolution rice map to mask Sentinel-1 Interferometric Wide Swath images and create SAR time-series from which we again derived temporal and phenological metrics and classified rice areas with machine learning algorithms to arrive at a 10m resolution rice map. This method allows concurrent, accurate and high resolution mapping of paddy rice areas from freely available data with limited requirements towards processing infrastructure and can be used as a basis for greenhouse gas and crop modelling as well as providing viable information for decision makers regarding food security, food trade, bioeconomy and mitigation after crop failure. Results of our paddy rice classification will be presented for selected study sites in China and Vietnam.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/104876/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Mapping paddy rice in Asia: a multi-sensor, time-series approach.
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Clauss, KerstenKersten.Clauss (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Mack, Benjaminbenjamin.mack (at) kit.eduUNSPECIFIED
Dech, Stefanstefan.dech (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Künzer, ClaudiaClaudia.Kuenzer (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:21 June 2016
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:rice, time-series, MODIS, Sentinel, China, Vietnam
Event Title:36th EARSeL Symposium 2016
Event Location:Bonn, Germany
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:20-24 June 2016
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Fernerkundung der Landoberfläche (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Land Surface
Deposited By: Clauss, Kersten
Deposited On:28 Jun 2016 13:22
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:02

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