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Multidestination Pedestrian Flows in Equilibrium: A Cellular Automaton-Based Approach

Crociani, Luca and Lämmel, Gregor (2016) Multidestination Pedestrian Flows in Equilibrium: A Cellular Automaton-Based Approach. Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering, pp. 1-17. Wiley. doi: 10.1111/mice.12209. ISSN 1093-9687.

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Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/mice.12209/abstract


This article presents a new simulation approach for multidestination pedestrian crowds in complex environments. The work covers two major topics. In the first part, a novel cellular automaton (CA) model is proposed. The model describes the pedestrian movement by a set of simple rules and produces fundamental diagrams similar to those derived from laboratory experiments. The second topic of this work describes how the CA can be integrated into an iterative learning cycle where the individual pedestrian can adapt travel plans based on experiences from previous iterations. Depending on the setup, the overall travel behavior moves either toward a Nash equilibrium or the system optimum. The functional interaction of the CA with the iterative learning approach is demonstrated on a set of transport paradoxes. Furthermore, time series of speed and density observed in a small-scale experiment show a general agreement between the CA simulation and laboratory experiments. The scalability of the proposed approach is demonstrated on a large-scale scenario.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/104151/
Document Type:Article
Title:Multidestination Pedestrian Flows in Equilibrium: A Cellular Automaton-Based Approach
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Crociani, Lucal.crociani (at) unimib.itUNSPECIFIED
Lämmel, GregorGregor.Laemmel (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Journal or Publication Title:Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 1-17
EditorsEmailEditor's ORCID iD
Hojjat, Adeliadeli.1@osu.eduUNSPECIFIED
Keywords:cellular automaton, pedestrian Simulation, bidirectional flows
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Traffic Management (old)
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V VM - Verkehrsmanagement
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Vabene++ (old)
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transportation Systems
Deposited By: Lämmel, Gregor
Deposited On:25 May 2016 11:21
Last Modified:08 Mar 2018 18:39

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