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Science case for the Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM): A component of the Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission

Michel, P. and Cheng, A. and Küppers, M. and Pravec, P. and Blum, E. and Delbo, M. and Green, S. F. and Rosenblatt, P. and Tsiganis, K. and Vincent, J.B. and Biele, J. and Ciarletti, V. and Herique, A. and Ulamec, S. and Carnelli, I. and Galvez, A. and Benner, L.A.M. and Naidu, S.P. and Barnouin, O.S. and Richardson, D. C. and Rivkin, A. and Scheirich, P. and Moskovitz, N. and Thirouin, A. and Schwartz, S. and Campo Bagatin, A. and Yu, Y. (2016) Science case for the Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM): A component of the Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission. Advances in Space Research (57), pp. 2529-2547. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.asrs.2016.03.031 ISBN ISSN 0273-1177 ISSN 0273-1177

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Abstract

The Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission is a joint cooperation between European and US space agencies that consists of two separate and indepen-dent spacecraft that will be launched to a binary asteroid system, the near-Earth asteroid Didymos, to test the kinetic impactor technique to deflect an asteroid. The European Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM) is set to rendez-vous with the asteroid system to fully characterize the smaller of the two binary components a few months prior to the impact by the US Double Aster- oid Redirection Test (DART) spacecraft. AIM is a unique mission as it will be the first time that a spacecraft will investigate the surface, subsurface, and internal properties of a small binary near-Earth asteroid. In addition it will perform various important technology demonstrations that can serve other space missions. The knowledge obtained by this mission will have great implications for our understanding of the history of the Solar System. Having direct information on the surface and internal properties of small asteroids will allow us to understand how the various processes they undergo work and transform these small bodies as well as, for this particular case, how a binary system forms. Making these measure- ments from up close and comparing them with ground-based data from telescopes will also allow us to calibrate remote observations and improve our data interpretation of other systems. With DART, thanks to the characterization of the target by AIM, the mission will be the first fully documented impact experiment at asteroid scale, which will include the characterization of the target’s properties and the outcome of the impact. AIDA will thus offer a great opportunity to test and refine our under-standing and models at the actual scale of an asteroid, and to check whether the current extrapolations of material strength from laboratory-scale targets to the scale of AIDA’s target are valid. Moreover, it will offer a first check of the validity of the kinetic impactor concept to deflect a small body and lead to improved efficiency for future kinetic impactor designs. This paper focuses on the science return of AIM, the current knowledge of its target from ground-based observations, and the instrumentation planned to get the necessary data.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/103796/
Document Type:Article
Title:Science case for the Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM): A component of the Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Michel, P.Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Cheng, A.John Hopkins UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Küppers, M.ESA/ESAC, Villanueva de la Cañada, SpainUNSPECIFIED
Pravec, P.Ondrejov Observatory, Czech RepublicUNSPECIFIED
Blum, E.TU BraunschweigUNSPECIFIED
Delbo, M.Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Green, S. F.Open University, Milton Keynes, UKUNSPECIFIED
Rosenblatt, P.Royal Observatory of BelgiumUNSPECIFIED
Tsiganis, K.Univ. Thessaloniki, GreeceUNSPECIFIED
Vincent, J.B.Max-Planck-Institut fuer Sonnensystemforschung, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Biele, J.DLR-Köln, jens.biele (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Ciarletti, V.Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (UVSQ) (UPSay); Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC) (Sorbonne Univ.); CNRS/INSU; Laboratoire Atmosphéres, Milieux, Observations Spatiales (LATMOS)-Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace (IPSL), 11 Boulevard d’UNSPECIFIED
Herique, A.Univ. Grenoble Alpex, IPAG, CNRS, IPAG, Grenoble, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Ulamec, S.DLR-Köln, stephan.ulamec (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Carnelli, I.ESA-HQ, Paris, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Galvez, A.ESA-HQ, Paris, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Benner, L.A.M.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, USAUNSPECIFIED
Naidu, S.P.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, USAUNSPECIFIED
Barnouin, O.S.Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, MD 20723UNSPECIFIED
Richardson, D. C.Univ. Maryland, USAUNSPECIFIED
Rivkin, A.John Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laured, MD, USAUNSPECIFIED
Scheirich, P.Ondrejov Observatory, Czech RepublicUNSPECIFIED
Moskovitz, N.Lowell Observatory, Flagstaff, AZ 86001, USAUNSPECIFIED
Thirouin, A.Lowell Observatory, Flagstaff, AZ 86001, USAUNSPECIFIED
Schwartz, S.CNRS, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Campo Bagatin, A.Universidad de Alicante, SpainUNSPECIFIED
Yu, Y.Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Date:25 February 2016
Journal or Publication Title:Advances in Space Research
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
DOI :10.1016/j.asrs.2016.03.031
Page Range:pp. 2529-2547
Publisher:Elsevier
Series Name:ScienceDirect - a COSPAR publciation
ISSN:0273-1177
ISBN:ISSN 0273-1177
Status:Published
Keywords:Planetary defence, near-earth asteroids, Asteroid Impact hazards, kinetic impactor, binary asteroids
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Explorationsstudien
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Space Operations and Astronaut Training > User center for space experiments (MUSC)
Deposited By: Herrmann, Astrid
Deposited On:07 Apr 2016 09:36
Last Modified:06 Sep 2019 15:27

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