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Galactic cosmic ray simulation at the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory

Norbury, John W. and Schimmerling, Walter and Slaba, Tony C. and Azzam, Edouard I. and Badavi, Francis F. and Baiocco, Giorgio and Benton, Eric and Bindi, Veronica and Blakely, Eleanor A. and Blattnig, Steve R. and Boothman, David A. and Borak, Thomas B. and Britten, Richard A. and Curtis, Stan and Dingfelder, Michael and Durante, Marco and Dynan, William S. and Eisch, Amelia J. and Robin Elgart, S. and Goodhead, Dudley T. and Guida, Peter M. and Heilbronn, Lawrence H. and Hellweg, Christine E. and Huff, Janice L. and Kronenberg, Amy and La Tessa, Chiara and Lowenstein, Derek I. and Miller, Jack and Morita, Takashi and Narici, Livio and Nelson, Gregory A. and Norman, Ryan B. and Ottolenghi, Andrea and Patel, Zarana S. and Reitz, Guenther and Rusek, Adam and Schreurs, Ann-Sofie and Scott-Carnell, Lisa A. and Semones, Edward and Shay, Jerry W. and Shurshakov, Vyacheslav A. and Sihver, Lembit and Simonsen, Lisa C. and Story, Michael D. and Turker, Mitchell S. and Uchihori, Yukio and Williams, Jacqueline and Zeitlin, Cary J. (2016) Galactic cosmic ray simulation at the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory. Life Sciences in Space Research, 8, pp. 38-51. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.lssr.2016.02.001 ISSN 2214-5524

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lssr.2016.02.001

Abstract

Most accelerator-based space radiation experiments have been performed with single ion beams at fixed energies. However, the space radiation environment consists of a wide variety of ion species with a continuous range of energies. Due to recent developments in beam switching technology implemented at the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory (NSRL) at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), it is now possible to rapidly switch ion species and energies, allowing for the possibility to more realistically simulate the actual radiation environment found in space. The present paper discusses a variety of issues related to implementation of galactic cosmic ray (GCR) simulation at NSRL, especially for experiments in radiobiology. Advantages and disadvantages of different approaches to developing a GCR simulator are presented. In addition, issues common to both GCR simulation and single beam experiments are compared to issues unique to GCR simulation studies. A set of conclusions is presented as well as a discussion of the technical implementation of GCR simulation.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/103271/
Document Type:Article
Title:Galactic cosmic ray simulation at the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Norbury, John W.NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA23681, USA; john.w.norbury (at) nasa.govUNSPECIFIED
Schimmerling, WalterEast Carolina University, Greenville, NC27858, USA and Universities Space Research Association, Houston, TX77058, USAUNSPECIFIED
Slaba, Tony C.NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA23681, USAUNSPECIFIED
Azzam, Edouard I.Rutgers University, Newark, NJ07101, USAUNSPECIFIED
Badavi, Francis F.Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA23529, USAUNSPECIFIED
Baiocco, GiorgioDepartment of Physics, University of Pavia, 27100, Pavia, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Benton, EricOklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK74074, USAUNSPECIFIED
Bindi, VeronicaUniversity of Hawaii – Manoa, Honolulu, HI, 96822, USAUNSPECIFIED
Blakely, Eleanor A.Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA94720, USAUNSPECIFIED
Blattnig, Steve R.NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA23681, USAUNSPECIFIED
Boothman, David A.University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX75390, USAUNSPECIFIED
Borak, Thomas B.Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO80523, USAUNSPECIFIED
Britten, Richard A.Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA23507, USAUNSPECIFIED
Curtis, Stan11771 Sunset Ave. NE, Bainbridge Island, WA98110, USAUNSPECIFIED
Dingfelder, MichaelEast Carolina University, Greenville, NC27858, USAUNSPECIFIED
Durante, MarcoGSI Helmholtz Center for Heavy Ion Research, 64291 Darmstadt, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Dynan, William S.Emory University, Atlanta, GA30322, USAUNSPECIFIED
Eisch, Amelia J.University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX75390, USAUNSPECIFIED
Robin Elgart, S.NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX77058, USAUNSPECIFIED
Goodhead, Dudley T.Medical Research Council, Harwell, Didcot OX11 0RD, United KingdomUNSPECIFIED
Guida, Peter M.Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY11973, USAUNSPECIFIED
Heilbronn, Lawrence H.University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN37996, USAUNSPECIFIED
Hellweg, Christine E.German Aerospace Center, 51147 Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Huff, Janice L.Universities Space Research Association, Houston, TX77058, USAUNSPECIFIED
Kronenberg, AmyLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA94720, USAUNSPECIFIED
La Tessa, ChiaraBrookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY11973, USAUNSPECIFIED
Lowenstein, Derek I.Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY11973, USAUNSPECIFIED
Miller, JackLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA94720, USAUNSPECIFIED
Morita, TakashiOsaka City University, Osaka 545-8585, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Narici, LivioUniversity of Rome Tor Vergata & INFN, 00133 Rome, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Nelson, Gregory A.Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA92354, USAUNSPECIFIED
Norman, Ryan B.NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA23681, USAUNSPECIFIED
Ottolenghi, AndreaDepartment of Physics, University of Pavia, 27100, Pavia, ItalyUNSPECIFIED
Patel, Zarana S.NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX77058, USAUNSPECIFIED
Reitz, GuentherGerman Aerospace Center, 51147 Cologne, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Rusek, AdamBrookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY11973, USAUNSPECIFIED
Schreurs, Ann-SofieNASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA94035, USAUNSPECIFIED
Scott-Carnell, Lisa A.NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA23681, USAUNSPECIFIED
Semones, EdwardNASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX77058, USAUNSPECIFIED
Shay, Jerry W.University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX75390, USAUNSPECIFIED
Shurshakov, Vyacheslav A.Institute of Biomedical Problems, Moscow 123007, RussiaUNSPECIFIED
Sihver, LembitTechnische Universität Wien – Atominstitut, 1020 Vienna, Austria and EBG MedAustron GmbH, 2700 Wiener Neustadt, AustriaUNSPECIFIED
Simonsen, Lisa C.NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA23681, USAUNSPECIFIED
Story, Michael D.University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX75390, USAUNSPECIFIED
Turker, Mitchell S.Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR97239, USAUNSPECIFIED
Uchihori, YukioNational Institute of Radiological Sciences, Chiba 263-8555, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Williams, JacquelineUniversity of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY14642, USAUNSPECIFIED
Zeitlin, Cary J.Lockheed Martin Information Systems & Global Solutions, Houston, TX77058, USAUNSPECIFIED
Date:2016
Journal or Publication Title:Life Sciences in Space Research
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:8
DOI :10.1016/j.lssr.2016.02.001
Page Range:pp. 38-51
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:2214-5524
Status:Published
Keywords:Space Radiation, Galactic cosmic ray simulation
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Radiation Biology
Deposited By: Kopp, Kerstin
Deposited On:03 Mar 2016 12:00
Last Modified:10 May 2016 23:45

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