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Small Spacecraft in Planetary Defence Related Applications – Capabilities, Constraints, Challenges

Grundmann, Jan Thimo and Lange, Caroline and Dachwald, Bernd and Grimm, Christian and Koch, Aaron and Ulamec, Stephan (2015) Small Spacecraft in Planetary Defence Related Applications – Capabilities, Constraints, Challenges. In: nicht gedruckt. IEEE. 2015 IEEE Aerospace Conference, 7.-13. Mar. 2015, Big Sky, Montana, USA.

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Abstract

In this paper we present an overview of the characteristics and peculiarities of small spacecraft missions related to planetary defence applications. We provide a brief overview of small spacecraft missions to small solar system bodies. On this background we present recent missions and selected projects and related studies at the German Aerospace Center, DLR, that contribute to planetary defence related activities. These range from Earth orbit technology demonstrators to active science missions in interplanetary space. We provide a summary of experience from recently flown missions with DLR participation as well as a number of studies. These include PHILAE, the lander recently arrived on comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko aboard ESA’s ROSETTA comet rendezvous mission, and the Mobile Asteroid Surface Scout, MASCOT, now underway to near-Earth asteroid (162173) 1999 JU3 aboard the Japanese sample-return probe HAYABUSA-2. We introduce the differences between the conventional methods employed in the design, integration and testing of large spacecraft and the new approaches developed by small spacecraft projects. We expect that the practical experience that can be gained from projects on extremely compressed timelines or with high-intensity operation phases on a newly explored small solar system body can contribute significantly to the study, preparation and realization of future planetary defence related missions. One is AIDA (Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment), a joint effort of ESA, JHU/APL, NASA, OCA and DLR, combining JHU/APL’s DART (Double Asteroid Redirection Test) and ESA’s AIM (Asteroid Impact Monitor) spacecraft in a mission towards near-Eath binary asteroid (65803) Didymos.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/103077/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Small Spacecraft in Planetary Defence Related Applications – Capabilities, Constraints, Challenges
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Grundmann, Jan Thimojan.grundmann (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8809-0981
Lange, Carolinecaroline.lange (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Dachwald, Bernddachwald (at) fh-aachen.deUNSPECIFIED
Grimm, Christianchristian.grimm (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Koch, Aaronaaron.koch (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Ulamec, StephanDLR-Köln, stephan.ulamec (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:13 March 2015
Journal or Publication Title:nicht gedruckt
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Publisher:IEEE
Status:Accepted
Keywords:small spacecraft; planetary defence; asteroid lander; solar sail; flotilla missions
Event Title:2015 IEEE Aerospace Conference
Event Location:Big Sky, Montana, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:7.-13. Mar. 2015
Organizer:IEEE
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Project MASCOT (old), R - Projekt ROSETTA Lander, R - Projekt Entfaltungstechnologie Solar Sail (old)
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > Satellitensysteme
Institute of Space Systems > Explorationssysteme
Institute of Space Systems > Space Launcher Systems Analysis
Space Operations and Astronaut Training > User center for space experiments (MUSC)
Deposited By: Grundmann, Jan Thimo
Deposited On:12 Feb 2016 12:29
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 20:00

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