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Vertical Profiling of Volcanic Ash from the 2011 Puyehue Cordón Caulle Eruption Using IASI

Maes, Kwinten and Vandenbussche, Sophie and Klüser, Lars and Kumps, Nicolas and de Mazière, Martine (2016) Vertical Profiling of Volcanic Ash from the 2011 Puyehue Cordón Caulle Eruption Using IASI. Remote Sensing, 8 (103), pp. 1-22. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI). DOI: 10.3390/rs8020103 ISSN 2072-4292

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Official URL: http://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/8/2/103/html

Abstract

Volcanic ash is emitted by most eruptions, sometimes reaching the stratosphere. In addition to its climate effect, ash may have a significant impact on civilian flights. Currently, the horizontal distribution of ash aerosols is quite extensively studied, but not its vertical profile, while of high importance for both applications mentioned. Here, we study the sensitivity of the thermal infrared spectral range to the altitude distribution of volcanic ash, based on similar work that was undertaken on mineral dust. We use measurements by the Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) instruments onboard the MetOp satellite series. The retrieval method that we develop for the ash vertical profile is based on the optimal estimation formalism. This method is applied to study the eruption of the Chilean volcano Puyehue, which started on the 4th of June 2011. The retrieved profiles agree reasonably well with Cloud-Aerosol LiDAR with Orthogonal Polarization (CALIOP) measurements, and our results generally agree with literature studies of the same eruption. The retrieval strategy presented here therefore is very promising for improving our knowledge of the vertical distribution of volcanic ash and obtaining a global 3D ash distribution twice a day. Future improvements of our retrieval strategy are also discussed.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/102763/
Document Type:Article
Title:Vertical Profiling of Volcanic Ash from the 2011 Puyehue Cordón Caulle Eruption Using IASI
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Maes, Kwintenkwinten.maes (at) ugent.beUNSPECIFIED
Vandenbussche, Sophiesophie.vandenbussche (at) aeronomie.beUNSPECIFIED
Klüser, Larslars.klueser (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Kumps, Nicolasnicolas.kumps (at) aeronomie.beUNSPECIFIED
de Mazière, Martinemartine.demaziere (at) aeronomie.beUNSPECIFIED
Date:29 January 2016
Journal or Publication Title:Remote Sensing
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:8
DOI :10.3390/rs8020103
Page Range:pp. 1-22
Publisher:Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
ISSN:2072-4292
Status:Published
Keywords:volcanic ash; IASI; aerosol retrieval; vertical profile; Puyehue; thermal infrared
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Atmosphären- und Klimaforschung
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Atmosphere
Deposited By: Klüser, Dr. Lars
Deposited On:02 Feb 2016 13:12
Last Modified:21 Nov 2019 05:04

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