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Detailed structural design and corresponding manufacturing techniques of the MASCOT Landing Module for the Hayabusa2 mission

Lange, M. and Hühne, C. and Mierheim, O. (2015) Detailed structural design and corresponding manufacturing techniques of the MASCOT Landing Module for the Hayabusa2 mission. 66th International Astronautical Congress, 12.-16. Okt. 2015, Jerusalem, Israel.

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The DLR Mobile Asteroid Surface Scout (MASCOT) is an approximately 11kg shoebox-sized lander platform developed in cooperation with CNES and JAXA for the Hayabusa2 (HY-2) Asteroid Mission, which was launched successfully in December 2014 to the C-class asteroid 1999JU3. Therefor the MASCOT Landing Module accommodates 4 instruments (camera, magnetometer, spectrometer and radiometer) of 3kg in total. Further it has a mobility mechanism for up righting and hopping, integrated into the common electronic box’ housing. The MASCOT structure itself consists of two separate main parts, the Mechanical & Electrical Interface Structure (in the following called Interface Structure) and the Landing Module. The Interface Structure is mainly made of unidirectional carbon fibre reinforced plastic (CFRP) struts, forming a highly stiff 680g weighting framework that is fixed in a cutout of one of the HY-2 side panels and encloses the Landing Module. To fixate the Landing Module within the Interface Structure one central connection bold pulls the Landing Module into four Interface Structure-sided bearings. The focus of this paper is on the only 550g lightweight, cubic Landing Module with its structural (detailed) design and corresponding manufacturing techniques. In contrast to the Interface Structure, the Landing Module is a CFRP/foam sandwich framework structure. Its architecture is realized in such a way that all interface loads from heavier subunits are only introduced as in-plane loads into one of the sandwich walls. The CFRP/foam sandwich struts have mainly unidirectional face sheets that are locally combined with ±45° CFRP fabric plies to account for local stress concentrations. Furthermore the fabrics provide enforcement against shear loads and connect adjacent framework walls to each other. At load bearing points the foam core is locally replaced by solid CFRP blocks, which provide sufficient out-of plane stiffness and an enlarged area for out-of plane shear load introduction. One of the six Landing Module’s outer sides is closed with a detachable Aluminium sandwich radiator that serves at the same time as main integration and late access opening. To interface the radiator structurally and thermally to the other foam sandwich walls a combined solution with and without inserts was applied. Besides to these mechanical aspects also cleanliness and contamination control aspects, e.g. how the foam core was protected and handled, are covered. The paper will close with a lessons learned section, covering the manufacturing and cleanliness aspects to be considered for a CFRP-sandwich structure.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/102082/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Detailed structural design and corresponding manufacturing techniques of the MASCOT Landing Module for the Hayabusa2 mission
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Lange, M.m.lange (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Hühne, C.christian.huehne (at) dlr.dehttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2218-1223
Mierheim, O.olaf.mierheim (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:October 2015
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:MASCOT, Structures, Hayabusa 2, Manufacturing
Event Title:66th International Astronautical Congress
Event Location:Jerusalem, Israel
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:12.-16. Okt. 2015
Organizer:International Astronautical Federation (IAF)
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Space Exploration
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Project MASCOT (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Composite Structures and Adaptive Systems > Functional Lightweight Structures
Deposited By: Lange, Michael
Deposited On:13 Jan 2016 16:33
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:59

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