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Eye-Tracking measurements and their link to a normative model of monitoring behaviour

Hasse, Catrin and Bruder, Carmen (2015) Eye-Tracking measurements and their link to a normative model of monitoring behaviour. Ergonomics, 58 (3), pp. 355-367. Taylor & Francis. DOI: 10.1080/00140139.2014.967310 ISSN 0014-0139

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Abstract

Increasing automation necessitates operators monitoring appropriately (OMA) and raises the question of how to identify them in future selections. A normative model was developed providing criteria for the identification of OMA. According to this model, the monitoring process comprises distinct monitoring phases (orientation, anticipation, detection and recheck) in which attention should be focused on relevant areas. The current study tests the normative model on the basis of eye tracking. The eye-tracking data revealed increased concentration on relevant areas during the orientation and anticipation phase in comparison to the other phases. For the assessment of monitoring behaviour in the context of personnel selection, this implies that the anticipation and orientation phases should be considered separately as they appear to be more important in the context of monitoring than the other phases. Practitioner Summary: A normative model was developed for the assessment of monitoring behaviour. Using the eyetracking method, this model was tested with applicants for an Air Traffic Controller training programme. The results are relevant for the future selection of human operators, who will have to monitor highly automated systems.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/102073/
Document Type:Article
Title:Eye-Tracking measurements and their link to a normative model of monitoring behaviour
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Hasse, Catrincatrin.hasse (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Bruder, Carmencarmen.bruder (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2015
Journal or Publication Title:Ergonomics
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:58
DOI :10.1080/00140139.2014.967310
Page Range:pp. 355-367
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:0014-0139
Status:Published
Keywords:automation; monitoring; attention; eye tracking; aviation; personnel selection
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human factors and safety in Aeronautics
Location: Hamburg
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Aviation and Space Psychology
Deposited By: Witt, Andrea
Deposited On:14 Jan 2016 14:59
Last Modified:06 Sep 2019 15:16

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