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Shifts in ability requirements as perceived among aviation operators

Eißfeldt, Hinnerk and Gayraud, Katja (2015) Shifts in ability requirements as perceived among aviation operators. In: Procedia Manufacturing, 3, pp. 2543-2549. Elsevier. 6th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics, 26.-30. Jul, Las Vegas, USA. DOI: 10.1016/j.promfg.2015.07.549

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Abstract

Abstract Comparing today’s control rooms or cockpits to those of about 30 years ago clearly shows huge differences in hard- and software, making changes in psychological requirements more than reasonable. To identify changes in ability requirements for operators in future aviation is of some concern when learning about solutions envisaged with large scale programs like NextGen or SESAR. However, as systems evolve step by step and sometimes without much notice, it might be that in retrospect requirement changes are assessed as being only of minor magnitude, whereas prospective ratings tend to over-interpret changes as they might be perceived as endangering one’s competence and routines. In this study, it is reported what more than 300 air traffic controllers and pilots described as perceived changes in ability requirements when comparing today’s aircraft or system with the one they have been trained for initially. Results were showing different pictures for the professions compared; however operational monitoring, information ordering, selective attention, time sharing and vigilance were always among the requirements with the highest perceived changes since initial training. Results will help to increase the understanding of past changes in ability requirements as perceived by job incumbents.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/101932/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Shifts in ability requirements as perceived among aviation operators
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Eißfeldt, Hinnerkhinnerk.eissfeldt (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Gayraud, Katjakatja.gayraud (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:2015
Journal or Publication Title:Procedia Manufacturing
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:3
DOI :10.1016/j.promfg.2015.07.549
Page Range:pp. 2543-2549
Publisher:Elsevier
Status:Published
Keywords:Ability requirements; Aviation; F-JAS; Operational monitoring;Air traffic controllers; Pilots
Event Title:6th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics
Event Location:Las Vegas, USA
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:26.-30. Jul
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:air traffic management and operations
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Human factors and safety in Aeronautics
Location: Hamburg
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerospace Medicine > Aviation and Space Psychology
Deposited By: Witt, Andrea
Deposited On:13 Jan 2016 13:53
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:59

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