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Design of aerogels, cryogels and xerogels of cellulose with hierarchical porous structures

Ganesan, Kathirvel and Dennstedt, Anne and Barowski, Adam and Ratke, Lorenz (2016) Design of aerogels, cryogels and xerogels of cellulose with hierarchical porous structures. Materials and Design, 92, pp. 345-355. Elsevier. DOI: doi:10.1016/j.matdes.2015.12.041 ISSN 0264-1275

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S026412751530900X

Abstract

Cellulose-based biocomposites from nature exhibit remarkable mechanical properties which inspire to prepare synthetic biocomposites. The detailed studies of the porous cellulose materials having hierarchical structures are essential to understand how the cellulose nanofiber network and interconnected macro- and mesoporous structures exclusively influence the mechanical properties. We have designed the hierarchical open porous structures of cellulose scaffolds by a novel method in which an intricate trap of oil droplets in the cellulose-dissolved molten salt hydrate acts as a structural template assisting the formation of interconnected macroporous structures. After washing, the wet gels of cellulose were employed in three different drying techniques, namely supercritical drying, freeze drying and ambient drying. The diversity in physical and mechanical properties of the cellulose scaffolds were characterized by X-ray μ-computed tomography, density analyser, scanning electron microscopy, nitrogen adsorption–desorption analysis, X-ray powder diffraction, FTIR spectroscopy and mechanical testing. In the resulting products, the variations in physical properties were the size of the macropores produced by the emulsion template, the change in surface features of the cell walls and the presence of nanopores in the cell walls. The mechanical properties of hierarchically porous cellulose materials were diverged from lightweight soft materials to hard, stiff and dense material.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/101402/
Document Type:Article
Title:Design of aerogels, cryogels and xerogels of cellulose with hierarchical porous structures
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Ganesan, KathirvelK.Ganesan (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Dennstedt, AnneAnne.Dennstedt (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Barowski, AdamAdam.Barowski (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Ratke, Lorenzlorenz.ratke (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:15 February 2016
Journal or Publication Title:Materials and Design
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:92
DOI :doi:10.1016/j.matdes.2015.12.041
Page Range:pp. 345-355
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0264-1275
Status:Published
Keywords:Aerogels; Cryogels; Yerogels; Cellulose; Hierarchial structures; Porous network.
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Terrestrial Vehicles (old)
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V BF - Bodengebundene Fahrzeuge
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - NGC Fahrzeugkonzepte (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Materials Research > Aerogele
Deposited By: Ganesan, Dr. Kathirvel
Deposited On:13 Jan 2016 13:03
Last Modified:31 May 2019 05:01

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