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The aeroelastic impact of engine thrust and gyroscopics on aircraft flutter instabilities

Waitz, Stefan and Hennings, Holger (2015) The aeroelastic impact of engine thrust and gyroscopics on aircraft flutter instabilities. 16th International Forum on Aeroelasticity and Structural Dynamics (IFASD), 28. Juni - 02. Juli 2015, St.Petersburg, Russia.

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Since more and more modern civil aircraft are equipped with UHBR-engines for reasons of fuel efficiency and environmental aspects, the need to tackle specific engine related dynamic problems has occurred. The request for UHBR-engines with high bypass ratio numbers and with their intrinsic advantages of economic fuel consumption and lower acoustic emission asks for enhanced vibration prediction capabilities. Beside the energetic benefits such engines add to the aircraft design their rotating large diameter fans can influence the dynamic behaviour of the complete elastic aircraft fuselage in a very unfavourable manner. Additional questions which arise with regard to structural dynamics and aeroelastic stability are treated in this work. Especially in the scenario when large rotating engine masses are to be combined with elastic wing structures the possible occurrence of specific structural vibration problems can be avoided by taking the gyroscopic effects into account. As another important engine related aspect the modelling and the impact of the engine thrust is highlighted by integrating the first order deformation induced terms into the dynamical simulation model. By introducing an increased coupling level between the degrees of freedom in the equation of motion (through additional off-diagonal terms) both eigenfrequencies and eigenmodes are affected. In the case of high engine participation in the structural deformation we can observe a lowering of the eigenfrequencies (in the test aeroplane up to 6[%]) and a loss in symmetry properties in the now strongly asymmetric eigenmodes. With the occurrence of flutter cases the critical speed had been experienced to shift about an amount of similar magnitude. Although in the presented cases the flutter speed moved to higher values, it was found indespensable to check every individual aircraft configuration with regard to the stability margin.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/101378/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:The aeroelastic impact of engine thrust and gyroscopics on aircraft flutter instabilities
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iDORCID Put Code
Date:June 2015
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:Flutter, gyroscopics, engine thrust, follower force, asymmetric eigenmode, engine aeroelasticity, critical speed, flutter frequency, aerodynamic damping
Event Title:16th International Forum on Aeroelasticity and Structural Dynamics (IFASD)
Event Location:St.Petersburg, Russia
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:28. Juni - 02. Juli 2015
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:fixed-wing aircraft
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AR - Aircraft Research
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Flexible Aircraft (old)
Location: Göttingen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aeroelasticity > Aeroelastic Simulations
Deposited By: Waitz, Dr.-Ing. Stefan
Deposited On:22 Dec 2015 15:24
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:58

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