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The 2011 Draconids: The First European Airborne Meteor Observation Campaign

Vaubaillon, J. and Koten, P. and Margonis, A. and Tóth, J. and Rudawska, R. and Gritsevich, M. and Zender, J. and McAuliffe, J. and Pautet, P.-D. and Jenniskens, P. and Koschny, D. and Colas, F. and Bouley, S. and Maquet, L. and Leroy, A. and Lecacheux, J. and Borovicka, J. and Watanabe, J. and Oberst, J. (2015) The 2011 Draconids: The First European Airborne Meteor Observation Campaign. Earth Moon and Planets, 114, pp. 137-157. Springer. DOI: 10.1007/s11038-014-9455-5 ISSN 0167-9295

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Official URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11038-014-9455-5

Abstract

On 8 October 2011, the Draconid meteor shower (IAU, DRA) was predicted to cause two brief outbursts of meteors, visible from locations in Europe. For the first time, a European airborne meteor observation campaign was organized, supported by ground-based observations. Two aircraft were deployed from Kiruna, Sweden, carrying six scientists, 19 cameras and eight crew members. The flight geometry was chosen such that it was possible to obtain double-station observations of many meteors. The instrument setup on the aircraft as well as on the ground is described in full detail. The main peak from 1900-dust ejecta happened at the predicted time and at the predicted rate. The second peak was observed from the earlier flight and from the ground, and was caused most likely by trails ejected in the nineteenth century. A total of 250 meteors were observed, for which light curve data were derived. The trajectory, velocity, deceleration and orbit of 35 double station meteors were measured. The magnitude distribution index was high, as a result of which there was no excess of meteors near the horizon. The light curve proved to be extremely flat on average, which was unexpected. Observations of spectra allowed us to derive the compositional information of the Draconids meteoroids and showed an early release of sodium, usually interpreted as resulting from fragile meteoroids. Lessons learned from this experience are derived for future airborne meteor shower observation campaigns.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/101073/
Document Type:Article
Title:The 2011 Draconids: The First European Airborne Meteor Observation Campaign
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Vaubaillon, J.IMCCE, Observatoire de Paris, 77 Av. Denfert-Rochereau, F-75014 Paris, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Koten, P.Astr. Inst. Acad. Sci. Czech Republic, Inst. Astron. CZ- 25165 Ondrejov, Czech RepublicUNSPECIFIED
Margonis, A.Technical University of Berlin, Planetary Geodesy Department, Berlin, GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Tóth, J.Comenius University, Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics, Mlynska dolina, SK 842 48 Bratislava, SlovakiaUNSPECIFIED
Rudawska, R.Comenius University, Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics, Mlynska dolina, SK 842 48 Bratislava, SlovakiaUNSPECIFIED
Gritsevich, M.Ural Federal University, Institute of Physics and Technology, Department of Physical Methods and Devices for Quality Control, Mira ul. 19, 620002 Ekaterinburg, RussiaUNSPECIFIED
Zender, J.ESA RSSD, ESTEC, Noordwijk, The NetherlandsUNSPECIFIED
McAuliffe, J.ISDEFE, Ingenieria de Sistemas para la Defensa de Espana/Directorate of Scientific and RoboticUNSPECIFIED
Pautet, P.-D.Science Engineering Research (SER), Utah State University, 220B, 4415 Old Main Hill, Logan,UNSPECIFIED
Jenniskens, P.SETI Institute, 189 Bernardo Ave, Mountain View, CA 94043, USAUNSPECIFIED
Koschny, D.Research and Scientific Support Department, European Space Agency, 2201 Noordwijk, The NetherlandsUNSPECIFIED
Colas, F.IMCCE, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Bouley, S.IDES, Bt. 509 - Universit Paris-Sud, 91405 Orsay Cedex, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Maquet, L.IMCCE, Observatoire de Paris, UMR8028 CNRS, F-75014 Paris, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Leroy, A.Unranoscope d’Ile de France, Alle Camille FLAMARION, 77 220 Gretz-Armainvilliers, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Lecacheux, J.Observatoire de Paris, LESIA, 5, Place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon Cedex, FranceUNSPECIFIED
Borovicka, J.jiri.borovicka (at) asu.cas.czUNSPECIFIED
Watanabe, J.National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Tokyo, JapanUNSPECIFIED
Oberst, J.Juergen.Oberst (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:7 January 2015
Journal or Publication Title:Earth Moon and Planets
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:114
DOI :10.1007/s11038-014-9455-5
Page Range:pp. 137-157
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0167-9295
Status:Published
Keywords:Meteors, Draconids, 21P/Giacobini-Zinner, Comet dust trail, Orbit, Atmospheric entry, Double-station observations, Spectroscopy
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Science and Exploration
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Exploration des Sonnensystems
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Geodesy
Deposited By: Wählisch, Marita
Deposited On:07 Jan 2016 08:15
Last Modified:06 Sep 2019 15:24

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