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Status of Lithium-Sulfur Batteries: Lessons Learned and Remaining Challenges

Friedrich, K. Andreas and Cañas, Natalia A. and Wagner, Norbert and Danner, Timo and Latz, Arnulf (2015) Status of Lithium-Sulfur Batteries: Lessons Learned and Remaining Challenges. Work Seminar Metal/Sulphur Batteries, 3. Jun. 2015, Berlin, Deutschland.

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Abstract

Lithium sulfur (Li-S) cells are promising batteries both for automotive and stationary applications. The main advantages of this type of cell are the high theoretical capacity (1675 Ahkg−1), high energy density (2500 Whkg−1) and low cost of sulfur (S) and other materials. However, degradation of the cathode, electrolyte decomposition, self-discharge and low sulfur fraction in the cathode are major problems for the technical realization of this novel battery. In addition, effective manufacturing with high output is required. Regarding the cycling stability several parallel reactions and phase changes which occur during cycling, as well as the different solubility of sulfur and its polysulfide reaction intermediates, negatively affect the cycling stability of the cell. Nevertheless, significant progress in the last five years has been reported recently, especially with regard to continuous improvement on the cycling stability1,2. In this contribution we will discuss shortly the status of the development in general, present in situ and ex situ techniques that have been already developed to get a deeper understanding on reaction mechanisms and degradation processes1-6. Moreover, it is important to incorporate the information gained from the experimental characterization into models to maximize the optimization of the battery. Models can reveal additional understanding and predict the behavior over a full range of battery operation under different conditions. Modeling and simulations7,8 of electrochemical processes during cycling of Li-S batteries and the description of the shuttle mechanism are also presented. 1. A. Manthiram, Y.-Z. Fu, S.-H. Chung, C. Zu, and Y.-S. Su, Chemical Reviews, 2014, 114, 11751-11787. 2. M.-K. Song, E. J. Cairns, and Y. Zhang, Nanoscale, 2013, 5, 2186–204. 3. N. A. Cañas, K. Hirose, B. Pascucci, N. Wagner, K. A. Friedrich, R. Hiesgen, Electrochim. Acta, 2013, 97, 42–51. 4. N. A. Cañas, S. Wolf, N. Wagner, K. A. Friedrich, J. of Power Sources, 2013, 226, 313–319. 5. N. A. Cañas, D. N. Fronczek, N. Wagner, A. Latz, K. A. Friedrich, J. Phys. Chem. C, 2014, 118, 12106–12114. 6. N. A. Cañas, A. L. P. Baltazar, M. A. P. Morais, T. O. Freitag, N. Wagner, K. A. Friedrich. Electrochimica Acta, 2015, 157, 351–358. 7. D. N. Fronczek, W. G. Bessler. J. of Power Sources, 2013, 214, 183–188. 8. A. F. Hofmann, D.N. Fronczek, W. G. Bessler. J. of Power Sources, 2014, 259, 300–310.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/100988/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Title:Status of Lithium-Sulfur Batteries: Lessons Learned and Remaining Challenges
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Friedrich, K. Andreasandreas.friedrich (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Cañas, Natalia A.natalia.canas (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Wagner, Norbertnorbert.wagner (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Danner, Timotimo.danner (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Latz, Arnulfarnulf.latz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:3 June 2015
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Lithium Suphur, polysulfides, in-operando investigation
Event Title:Work Seminar Metal/Sulphur Batteries
Event Location:Berlin, Deutschland
Event Type:Workshop
Event Dates:3. Jun. 2015
Organizer:Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Storage and Cross-linked Infrastructures
HGF - Program Themes:Electrochemical Energy Storage
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E EV - Energy process technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Electrochemical Processes (Batteries) (old)
Location: Stuttgart
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Electrochemical Energy Technology
Deposited By: Friedrich, Prof.Dr. Kaspar Andreas
Deposited On:15 Dec 2015 09:58
Last Modified:15 Dec 2015 09:58

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