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Ground Beacons to Enhance Lunar Landing Autonomous Navigation Architectures

Bora, Leonardo (2015) Ground Beacons to Enhance Lunar Landing Autonomous Navigation Architectures. Master's, Politecnico di Milano.

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Abstract

Current and future landing missions are relying on a combination of inertial and optical sensor measurements to accomplish the navigation task. The present thesis work carried out at DLR Institute of Space Systems, is mainly focused on the conceptual definition and analyses of possible configurations for a ground based infrastructure aiding the on-board navigation system in a lunar landing scenario. From aircraft navigation legacy, range, range-rate and bearing measurements from beacons on ground have been devised and fused together with the optical and inertial ones provided by the on-board navigation system: an error state Extended Kalman Filter (eEKF) is used for the scope. Different configurations of this on-ground navigation infrastructures, changing number of beacons and combination of the new measurements have been tested through Monte Carlo analyses; the navigation performance has been evaluated through appropriately defined cost parameters. The results obtained are very good and promising, even in presence of just one beacon placed near the landing site providing range and range-rate. The results open the door to further development of the research in the field of ground-based navigation for planetary landing, quite unexplored at the time being, but very interesting in the light of future extraterrestrial settlements.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/100498/
Document Type:Thesis (Master's)
Title:Ground Beacons to Enhance Lunar Landing Autonomous Navigation Architectures
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID iD
Bora, Leonardoleonardo.bora (at) mail.polimi.itUNSPECIFIED
Date:February 2015
Refereed publication:No
Open Access:No
Gold Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Number of Pages:123
Status:Published
Keywords:navigation, navigation system, beacon navigation, Extended Kalman Filter, lunar landing
Institution:Politecnico di Milano
Department:Department of Aerospace Engineering
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Technik für Raumfahrtsysteme
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Lageregelungstechnik / Formationsflug (old)
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > Navigation and Control Systems
Deposited By: Theil, Dr.-Ing. Stephan
Deposited On:14 Jan 2016 11:49
Last Modified:14 Jan 2016 11:49

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