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Morphology of Solid Electrolyte Interphase a Model-Based Approach

Horstmann, Birger and Single, Fabian and Latz, Arnulf (2015) Morphology of Solid Electrolyte Interphase a Model-Based Approach. Lithium Battery Discussions 2015, 21. Jun. - 7. Jun 2015, Arcachon, Frankreich.

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A solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) forms on lithium-ion battery anode surfaces during cycling. The SEI results from the decomposition of the electrolyte 1,2. On the one hand, SEI passivates the graphite anode and slows down electrolyte reduction; on the other hand, it results in continuous capacity fade. Furthermore, the SEI is important for critical degradation mechanisms in lithium batteries, e.g., thermal runaway, lithium plating, and dendritic growth. Therefore, we are studying the chemical composition and structural morphology of the SEI via continuum modeling. Despite numerous experimental and theoretical works on SEI growth, its structure is not yet well understood 3–5. Various models predict the correct capacity fade, but no consensus is reached on the limiting process for SEI growth. Microscopic experiments reveal that the SEI is composed of a thin inner compact layer and a thick outer porous layer with different chemical composition and structural morphology 2. Similarly, the role of the various solvents and co-solvents in its formation, is very complex and topic of ongoing research 6–8. We present here, for the first time, a SEI growth model with an evolving porous structure. We model the growth of a porous SEI on top of the electrode surface in one dimension applying a new approach for quasi-diffusional growth inspired by phase-field theory (see Fig. 1). Focusing on the evolution of SEI morphology, we assume a single component SEI of Li2CO3 and the reduction of EC with an inert co-solvent 2,6. A transport-limited SEI growth model is developed 9. On the one hand, charges move from the electrode surface to the reaction sites within the SEI. Here we assume that neutral lithium diffuses through the SEI and move the charges, consistent with DFT calculations for Li2CO3 2. On the other hand, electrolyte convection and EC diffusion transports the solvent through the porous SEI to these reaction sites. Our simulations result in a porous SEI whose thickness grows with the square root of time as observed experimentally (see Fig. 2) 5. The transport of charges through the porous SEI is limiting this SEI thickness and the resulting capacity fade. The transport of electrolyte, instead, is determining the SEI porosity. We highlight that we can analytically understand this behavior and give expressions for SEI thickness and porosity as a function of time and position. (1) Peled, E. J. Electrochem. Soc. 1979, 2047–2051. (2) Lu, P.; Li, C.; Schneider, E.; Harris, S. J. Phys. Chem. C 2014. (3) Christensen, J.; Newman, J. J. Electrochem. Soc. 2004, 151, A1977. (4) Ploehn, H. J.; Ramadass, P.; White, R. E. J. Electrochem. Soc. 2004, 151, A456. (5) Pinson, M. B.; Bazant, M. Z. J. Electrochem. Soc. 2012, 160, A243. (6) Tasaki, K. J. Phys. Chem. B 2005, 109, 2920–2933. (7) Xu, K.; Lam, Y.; Zhang, S. S.; Jow, T. R.; Curtis, T. B. J. Phys. Chem. C 2007, 111, 7411–7421. (8) Verma, P.; Maire, P.; Novák, P. Electrochim. Acta 2010, 55, 6332–6341. (9) Karaca, E. Modeling Growth of the Solid Electrolyte Interphase, University of Ulm, 2014.

Item URL in elib:https://elib.dlr.de/100307/
Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Morphology of Solid Electrolyte Interphase a Model-Based Approach
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthor's ORCID iD
Horstmann, Birgerbirger.horstmann (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Single, Fabianfabian.single (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Latz, Arnulfarnulf.latz (at) dlr.deUNSPECIFIED
Date:21 June 2015
Refereed publication:Yes
Open Access:Yes
Gold Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Keywords:SEI, modeling, SEI growth
Event Title:Lithium Battery Discussions 2015
Event Location:Arcachon, Frankreich
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:21. Jun. - 7. Jun 2015
HGF - Research field:Energy
HGF - Program:Efficient Energy Conversion and Use (old)
HGF - Program Themes:Fuel Cells (old)
DLR - Research area:Energy
DLR - Program:E EV - Energy process technology
DLR - Research theme (Project):E - Electrochemical Processes (old)
Location: other
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Engineering Thermodynamics > Computational Electrochemistry
Deposited By: Single, Fabian
Deposited On:02 Dec 2015 09:18
Last Modified:31 Jul 2019 19:57

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