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Towards a dynamic balance between humans and automation: authority, ability, responsibility and control in shared and cooperative control situations

Flemisch, Frank and Heesen, Matthias and Hesse, Tobias and Kelsch, Johann and Schieben, Anna and Beller, Johannes (2012) Towards a dynamic balance between humans and automation: authority, ability, responsibility and control in shared and cooperative control situations. Cognition, Technology and Work.

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Progress enables the creation of more auto- mated and intelligent machines with increasing abilities that open up new roles between humans and machines. Only with a proper design for the resulting cooperative human– machine systems, these advances will make our lives easier, safer and enjoyable rather than harder and miserable. Starting from examples of natural cooperative systems, the paper investigates four cornerstone concepts for the design of such systems: ability, authority, control and responsibility, as well as their relationship to each other and to concepts like levels of automation and autonomy. Consistency in the relations between these concepts is identified as an important quality for the system design. A simple graphical tool is introduced that can help to visualize the cornerstone concepts and their relations in a single diagram. Examples from the automotive domain, where a cooperative guidance and control of highly automated vehicles is under investigation, demonstrate the application of the concepts and the tool. Transitions in authority and control, e.g. initiated by changes in the ability of human or machine, are identified as key challenges. A sufficient consistency of the mental models of human and machines, not only in the system use but also in the design and evaluation, can be a key enabler for a successful dynamic balance between humans and machines.

Document Type:Article
Title:Towards a dynamic balance between humans and automation: authority, ability, responsibility and control in shared and cooperative control situations
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Flemisch, FrankTS
Heesen, MatthiasTS
Hesse, TobiasTS
Kelsch, JohannTS
Schieben, AnnaTS
Beller, JohannesTS
Date:2012
Journal or Publication Title:Cognition, Technology and Work
Refereed publication:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Status:Published
Keywords:Levels of Automation
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Terrestrial Vehicles
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V BF - Bodengebundene Fahrzeuge
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Fahrerassistenz (old)
Location: Braunschweig
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transportation Systems > Automotive
Deposited By: Matthias-Johannes Heesen
Deposited On:14 Sep 2012 15:52
Last Modified:26 Mar 2013 13:41

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