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Using the Moon as a High-Fidelity Analogue Environment to Study Biological and Behavioural Effects of Long-Duration Space Exploration

Goswami, Nandu und Roma, Peter G. und De Boever, Patrick und Clément, Gilles und Hargens, Alan R. und Loeppky, Jack A. und Evans, Joyce M. und Stein, T. Peter und Blaber, Andrew P. und Van Loon, Jack J.W.A. und Mano, Tadaaki und Iwase, Satoshi und Reitz, Guenther und Hinghofer-Szalkay, Helmut G. (2012) Using the Moon as a High-Fidelity Analogue Environment to Study Biological and Behavioural Effects of Long-Duration Space Exploration. Planetary and Space Science, Epub ahead of print (in press). Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.pss.2012.07.030.

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Kurzfassung

Due to its proximity to Earth, the Moon is a promising candidate for the location of an extra-terrestrial human colony. In addition to being a high-fidelity platform for research on reduced gravity, radiation risk, and circadian disruption, the Moon qualifies as an isolated, confined, and extreme (ICE) environment suitable as an analogue for studying the psychosocial effects of long-duration human space exploration missions and understanding these processes. In contrast, the various Antarctic research outposts such as Concordia and McMurdo serve as valuable platforms for studying biobehavioral adaptations to ICE environments, but are still Earth-bound, and thus lack the low-gravity and radiation risks of space. The International Space Station (ISS), itself now considered an analogue environment for long-duration missions, better approximates the habitable infrastructure limitations of a lunar colony than most Antarctic settlements in an altered gravity setting. However, the ISS is still protected against cosmic radiation by the earth magnetic field, which prevents high exposures due to solar particle events and reduces exposures to galactic cosmic radiation. On Moon the ICE environments are strengthened, radiations of all energies are present capable of inducing performance degradation, as well as reduced gravity and lunar dust. The interaction of reduced gravity, radiation exposure, and ICE conditions may affect biology and behavior--and ultimately mission success--in ways the scientific and operational communities have yet to appreciate, therefore a long-term or permanent human presence on the Moon would ultimately provide invaluable high-fidelity opportunities for integrated multidisciplinary research and for preparations of a manned mission to Mars.

Dokumentart:Zeitschriftenbeitrag
Titel:Using the Moon as a High-Fidelity Analogue Environment to Study Biological and Behavioural Effects of Long-Duration Space Exploration
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Goswami, NanduInstitute of Physiology, Center of Physiological Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria, EU
Roma, Peter G. Institutes for Behavior Resources, Baltimore, MD, USA and Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
De Boever, Patrick Flemish Institute for Technological Research (VITO), Mol, Belgium, EU and Hasselt University, Centre for Environmental Sciences, Diepenbeek, Belgium, EU
Clément, Gilles International Space University, Strasbourg, France, EU
Hargens, Alan R. University of California, San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA
Loeppky, Jack A. Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Albuquerque, NM, USA
Evans, Joyce M. Center for Biomedical Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA
Stein, T. Peter Department of Surgery, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Stratford, NJ, USA
Blaber, Andrew P. Department of Biomedical Physiology and Kinesiology, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada
Van Loon, Jack J.W.A. Dutch Experiment Support Center (DESC), Amsterdam, The Netherlands, EU
Mano, Tadaaki Gifu University of Medical Science, Gifu, Japan
Iwase, Satoshi Aichi Medical University, Aichi, Japan
Reitz, Guenther Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), Institut für Luft- und Raumfahrtmedizin, Strahlenbiologie, Linder Höhe, 51147 Köln, Germany
Hinghofer-Szalkay, Helmut G. Institute of Physiology, Center of Physiological Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Harrachgasse 21, A-8010 Graz, Austria, EU
Datum:2012
Erschienen in:Planetary and Space Science
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In Open Access:Nein
In SCOPUS:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Ja
Band:Epub ahead of print (in press)
DOI :10.1016/j.pss.2012.07.030
Verlag:Elsevier
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:Physiology, Orthostatic tolerance, Muscle deconditioning, Behavioural health, Psychosocial adaptation, Radiation, Lunar dust, Genes, Proteomics
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt), Luftfahrt, Raumfahrt und Verkehr
HGF - Programm:Weltraum (alt), Raumfahrt
HGF - Programmthema:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums, Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Weltraum, Raumfahrt
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums, R EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):W - Vorhaben MSL-Radiation (alt), R - Vorhaben MSL-Radiation
Standort: Köln-Porz
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Luft- und Raumfahrtmedizin > Strahlenbiologie
Hinterlegt von: Kerstin Kopp
Hinterlegt am:27 Aug 2012 08:05
Letzte Änderung:07 Feb 2013 20:40

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