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Development of an illumination simulation software for the Moon's surface: An approach to illumination direction estimation on pictures of solid planetary surfaces with a significant number of craters

Schwarz, René (2012) Development of an illumination simulation software for the Moon's surface: An approach to illumination direction estimation on pictures of solid planetary surfaces with a significant number of craters. Books on Demand, Norderstedt, Germany. ISBN 978-3-8482-1628-4.

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Official URL: http://go.rene-schwarz.com/masters-thesis

Abstract

The German Aerospace Center (DLR) is developing a new, holistic optical navigation system for all stages of spacecraft planetary approach and landing procedures. The central feature of this new navigation system is its landmark-based navigation. Commonly, craters are used as landmarks, as they exhibit very characteristic shapes and they are stable over the long term with respect to shape, structure and positioning. However, the flawless perception of these surface features by computers is a non-trivial task. A possibility of generating realistic surface images of celestial bodies with a significant number of craters and with well-known local illumination conditions is essential for the development of new navigation algorithms, as well as a technique for estimating the local illumination direction on these images. To date, no software exists to generate artificial renderings of realistically illuminated planetary surfaces while determining the local solar illumination direction. Having said this, a surface illumination simulation software for solid planetary surfaces with a significant number of craters has been developed within a master's thesis at the Merseburg University of Applied Sciences and the German Aerospace Center (DLR), whereas all work has been done in the context of the Moon. This software, the Moon Surface Illumination Simulation Framework (MSISF), is the first software known to produce realistic renderings of the entire Moon's surface from virtually every viewpoint, while simultaneously generating machine-readable information regarding the exactly known parameters for the environmental conditions, such as the local solar illumination angle for every pixel of a rendering showing a point on the Moon's surface. To produce its renderings, the MSISF maintains a global digital elevation model of the Moon, using the latest data sets from the ongoing NASA Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter mission. The MSISF has also demonstrated its ability to not only produce single renderings, but also whole series of renderings corresponding to a virtual flight trajectory or landing on the Moon. The MSISF can also be modified for the rendering of other celestial bodies. This book shows how these renderings will be produced and how they will be suitable for the development and testing of new optical navigation algorithms; it is based upon the examination version of the original master's thesis.

Document Type:Book
Title:Development of an illumination simulation software for the Moon's surface: An approach to illumination direction estimation on pictures of solid planetary surfaces with a significant number of craters
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Schwarz, Renémail@rene-schwarz.com
Date:August 2012
Publisher:Books on Demand, Norderstedt, Germany
ISBN:978-3-8482-1628-4
Status:Published
Keywords:Moon, 3D Model, 3D Rendering, Illumination Simulation, Illumination Direction Estimation, Illuminance Flow Estimation, Local Solar Illumination Angle, Terrain-Relative Navigation, Optical Navigation, Digital Elevation Model, Digital Terrain Model, Digital Surface Model, Delaunay Triangulation, Crater Detection, Topography, MySQL Spatial Database, Surface Pattern, Ray Tracing, Dynamical Surface Pattern Selection Algorithm, Moon Surface Illumination Simulation Framework, MSISF, C#, PHP, XML, SPICE, NASA, DLR
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Technology
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R SY - Technik für Raumfahrtsysteme
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Projekt ATON
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > Regelungs- und Datensysteme
Deposited By: Rene Schwarz
Deposited On:11 Sep 2012 12:58
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 21:45

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