Kuenz, Alexander and Korn, Bernd (2009) Enabling Green Profiles for Today's Traffic Mixture in High Density. ICNS Conference 2009 , 13.-15. Mai 2009, Arlington, VA, USA.
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Today, the usage of highly efficient flight procedures often lacks on the missing integration between air and ground based tools. Typically, modifications on both airborne and ground side are necessary to fully benefit from new technologies. Modifications are usually expensive and therefore only implemented if the counterpart also invests in the corresponding work. In the past ten years, the Institute of Flight Guidance in Braunschweig performed extensive investigations on how airborne capabilities can be improved. Studies with the A330 Full Flight Simulator of ZFB Berlin and DLR’s testing aircraft ATTAS both using DLR’s Advanced Flight Management System onboard proved a highly accurate predictability of 4D-trajectories. Based on aircraft model and actual weather forecast, the 4D-Flight Management System allows fuel efficient and noise optimized continuous descent approaches. With a planning horizon of about 20 minutes, threshold times were anticipated with a deviation of only +/-5s and an altitude precision of +/-150ft during the whole approach. Having a look at today’s traffic mixture and its equipage level, about 11% of all aircraft flying in Europe are capable of reaching time constraints of +/-6s and therefore are comparable to DLR’s studies. Even if life-cycles of aircraft are long, further equipage is granted by upgrading existing aircraft’s navigation performance and flight management systems. At least in high traffic situations, current terminal manoeuvring area (TMA) concepts do not support 4D-capable aircraft in flying fuel efficient and noise abating profiles. In contrast, equipped aircraft are all forced to early join the same lateral flight path flying at normalized speeds to ensure separation and avoid a break-in of capacity. Thus, fuel and noise efficient approaches are currently performed in low traffic scenarios only. In 2007, DLR launched the project “Future Air Ground Integration (FAGI)” that tries to solve today’s trade-off between capacity and environmental sustainability. The major concept element is usage of trajectory based TMA operations to combine aircraft optimized flight profiles with a high airport throughput. A time based late merging allows aircraft to fly their preferred trajectories by staggering them laterally in an extended terminal manoeuvring area with a time constraint to be fulfilled at a late merging point. Due to the high navigation accuracy 4D-capable aircraft are able to follow their predicted flight path on their own. Unequipped aircraft are supposed to be integrated by means of a ground based 4D-guidance module that is also described in this paper. The proposed concept integrates 4D-equipped aircraft in the traffic flow without losing aircraft throughput. The generic concept is fully scalable based on the equipage degree and leaves high flexibility for short term departures, reaction on contract violations (e.g. equipped aircraft not meeting their constraints) and emergency situations. Several fast and real time simulations proved that the proposed concept is a possible way to go. Results from these simulations and from first trials with in-the-loop air traffic controllers are also presented in this paper.
|Document Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)|
|Additional Information:||referiertes Abstract|
|Title:||Enabling Green Profiles for Today's Traffic Mixture in High Density|
|Date:||15 May 2009|
|In ISI Web of Science:||No|
|Keywords:||Continuous Descent Approach, Trajectory Based Operations, Future Air Ground Integration, FAGI|
|Event Title:||ICNS Conference 2009|
|Event Location:||Arlington, VA, USA|
|Event Dates:||13.-15. Mai 2009|
|HGF - Research field:||Aeronautics, Space and Transport|
|HGF - Program:||Aeronautics|
|HGF - Program Themes:||ATM and Operation|
|DLR - Research area:||Aeronautics|
|DLR - Program:||L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation|
|DLR - Research theme (Project):||L - Human Factors and Safety in Aeronautics|
|Institutes and Institutions:||Institute of Flight Control > Pilot Assistance|
|Deposited By:||Alexander Kuenz|
|Deposited On:||20 Jul 2012 13:10|
|Last Modified:||20 Jul 2012 13:10|
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