Stillfried, Georg and Hillenbrand, Ulrich and Settles, Marcus and van der Smagt, Patrick (2012) MRI-based skeletal hand movement model. In: The Human Hand: A Source of Inspiration for Robotic Hands Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics. Springer.
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The kinematics of the human hand are optimal with respect to force distribution during pinch as well as power grasp, reducing the tissue strain when exerting forces through opposing fingers and optimising contact faces. Quantifying this optimality is of key importance when constructing biomimetic robotic hands, but understanding the exact human finger motion is also an important asset in, e.g., tracking finger movement during manipulation. The goal of the method presented here is to determine the precise orientations and positions of the axes of rotation of the finger joints by using suitable magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images of a hand in various postures. The bones are segmented from the images, and their poses are estimated with respect to a reference posture. The axis orientations and positions are fitted numerically to match the measured bone motions. Eight joint types with varying degrees of freedom (DoF) are investigated for each joint, and the joint type is selected by setting a limit on the rotational and translational mean discrepancy. The method results in hand models with differing accuracy and complexity, of which three examples, ranging from 22 to 33 DoF, are presented. The ranges of motion of the joints show some consensus and some disagreement with data from literature. One of the models is published as an implementation for the free OpenSim simulation environment.
|Document Type:||Contribution to a Collection|
|Title:||MRI-based skeletal hand movement model|
|Journal or Publication Title:||The Human Hand: A Source of Inspiration for Robotic Hands|
|Series Name:||Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics|
|Keywords:||human hand, robot hand, hand kinematics, MR imaging, 3D object localisation|
|HGF - Research field:||Aeronautics, Space and Transport|
|HGF - Program:||Space|
|HGF - Program Themes:||Space Technology|
|DLR - Research area:||Raumfahrt|
|DLR - Program:||R SY - Technik für Raumfahrtsysteme|
|DLR - Research theme (Project):||R - RMC - Mechatronik und Telerobotik (old)|
|Institutes and Institutions:||Institute of Robotics and Mechatronics > Robotic Systems|
|Deposited By:||Georg Stillfried|
|Deposited On:||03 Aug 2012 10:21|
|Last Modified:||07 Feb 2013 19:36|
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