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Alignment Between IMU and Star Tracker Using the Night Sky and an On-Board Navigation System

Steffes, Stephen R. und Samaan, Malak und Theil, Stephan (2012) Alignment Between IMU and Star Tracker Using the Night Sky and an On-Board Navigation System. 35th Annual AAS Guidance and Control Conference, 3-8 February, 2012, Breckenridge, Colorado, USA.

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Kurzfassung

When developing a navigation system with an IMU and star tracker, the attitude alignment between the two sensors (relative pose) must be estimated so that measurements from both sensors can be converted to a common reference frame. Often such navigation systems use an on-board computer to combine the IMU's gyro and accelerometer measurements with the star tracker's attitude measurements using a Kalman filter. The proposed alignment method adds three states to this navigation filter to estimate the error in a given coarse alignment quaternion. On ground, the alignment quaternion can be accurately measured by navigating with the on-board system while the star tracker points towards the night sky and takes measurements. The vehicle is rotated in several positions to image the night sky from different angles. Each change of orientation provides the navigation system with additional measurements of gravity, Earth rate, angle slews and star tracker quaternions, all of which help improve the filter's estimate of the alignment quaternion. Alignment can also be done during the mission, however gravity and Earth rate measurements may not be available. Alignment accuracy depends on the IMU's error characteristics and the star tracker's accuracy. This technique is used for the Hybrid Navigation System and is compared to a traditional indoor alignment method which uses a checkerboard optical target.

Dokumentart:Konferenzbeitrag (Paper)
Titel:Alignment Between IMU and Star Tracker Using the Night Sky and an On-Board Navigation System
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Steffes, Stephen R.stephen.steffes@dlr.de
Samaan, Malakmalak.samaan@dlr.de
Theil, Stephanstephan.theil@dlr.de
Datum:Februar 2012
Referierte Publikation:Nein
In ISI Web of Science:Nein
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:camera, IMU, alignment
Veranstaltungstitel:35th Annual AAS Guidance and Control Conference
Veranstaltungsort:Breckenridge, Colorado, USA
Veranstaltungsart:internationale Konferenz, Konferenz
Veranstaltungsdatum:3-8 February, 2012
Veranstalter :AAS
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Luftfahrt, Raumfahrt und Verkehr
HGF - Programm:Raumfahrt
HGF - Programmthema:Raumtransport
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Raumfahrt
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:R RP - Raumtransport
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):R - SHEFEX Programm (alt)
Standort: Bremen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Raumfahrtsysteme > Regelungs- und Datensysteme
Hinterlegt von: Stephen Steffes
Hinterlegt am:16 Feb 2012 10:41
Letzte Änderung:12 Dez 2013 21:37

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