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Alignment Between IMU and Star Tracker Using the Night Sky and an On-Board Navigation System

Steffes, Stephen R. and Samaan, Malak and Theil, Stephan (2012) Alignment Between IMU and Star Tracker Using the Night Sky and an On-Board Navigation System. 35th Annual AAS Guidance and Control Conference, 3-8 February, 2012, Breckenridge, Colorado, USA.

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Abstract

When developing a navigation system with an IMU and star tracker, the attitude alignment between the two sensors (relative pose) must be estimated so that measurements from both sensors can be converted to a common reference frame. Often such navigation systems use an on-board computer to combine the IMU's gyro and accelerometer measurements with the star tracker's attitude measurements using a Kalman filter. The proposed alignment method adds three states to this navigation filter to estimate the error in a given coarse alignment quaternion. On ground, the alignment quaternion can be accurately measured by navigating with the on-board system while the star tracker points towards the night sky and takes measurements. The vehicle is rotated in several positions to image the night sky from different angles. Each change of orientation provides the navigation system with additional measurements of gravity, Earth rate, angle slews and star tracker quaternions, all of which help improve the filter's estimate of the alignment quaternion. Alignment can also be done during the mission, however gravity and Earth rate measurements may not be available. Alignment accuracy depends on the IMU's error characteristics and the star tracker's accuracy. This technique is used for the Hybrid Navigation System and is compared to a traditional indoor alignment method which uses a checkerboard optical target.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Title:Alignment Between IMU and Star Tracker Using the Night Sky and an On-Board Navigation System
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Steffes, Stephen R.stephen.steffes@dlr.de
Samaan, Malakmalak.samaan@dlr.de
Theil, Stephanstephan.theil@dlr.de
Date:February 2012
Refereed publication:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:camera, IMU, alignment
Event Title:35th Annual AAS Guidance and Control Conference
Event Location:Breckenridge, Colorado, USA
Event Type:international Conference, Conference
Event Dates:3-8 February, 2012
Organizer:AAS
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Space Transport
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R RP - Raumtransport
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - SHEFEX Programm (old)
Location: Bremen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Space Systems > Regelungs- und Datensysteme
Deposited By: Stephen Steffes
Deposited On:16 Feb 2012 10:41
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 21:37

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