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Towards operational near real-time flood detection using a split-based automatic thresholding procedure on high resolution TerraSAR-X data

Martinis, Sandro und Twele, André und Voigt, Stefan (2009) Towards operational near real-time flood detection using a split-based automatic thresholding procedure on high resolution TerraSAR-X data. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 9, Seiten 303-314. ISSN 1561-8633.

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Offizielle URL: http://www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/9/303/2009/nhess-9-303-2009.html

Kurzfassung

In this paper, an automatic near-real time (NRT) flood detection approach is presented, which combines histogram thresholding and segmentation based classification, specifically oriented to the analysis of single-polarized very high resolution SAR satellite data. The challenge of SAR-based flood detection is addressed in a completely unsupervised way, which assumes no training data and therefore no prior information about the class statistics to be available concerning the area of investigation. This is usually the case in NRT-disaster management, where the collection of ground truth information is not feasible due to time-constraints. A simple thresholding algorithm can be used in the bulk of the cases to distinguish between the classes ‘flood’ and ‘non-flood’ in a high resolution SAR image to detect the largest part of an inundation area. Due to the fact that local gray-level changes may not be distinguished by global thresholding techniques in large satellite scenes the thresholding algorithm is integrated into a split-based approach for the derivation of a global threshold by the analysis and combination of the split inherent information. The derived global threshold is then integrated into a multi-scale segmentation step combining the advantages of small-, medium-and large-scale per parcel segmentation. Experimental investigations performed on a TerraSAR-X Stripmap scene from southwest England during heavy inundations in the year 2007 confirm the effectiveness of the proposed split-based approach in combination with image segmentation and optional integration of digital elevation models.

Dokumentart:Zeitschriftenbeitrag
Titel:Towards operational near real-time flood detection using a split-based automatic thresholding procedure on high resolution TerraSAR-X data
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Martinis, Sandrosandro.martinis@dlr.de
Twele, Andréandre.twele@dlr.de
Voigt, StefanStefan.Voigt@dlr.de
Datum:11 März 2009
Erschienen in:Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In Open Access:Ja
In SCOPUS:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Ja
Band:9
Seitenbereich:Seiten 303-314
ISSN:1561-8633
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:TerraSAR-X, flood detection, image segmentation, automatic thresholding
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programmthema:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Weltraum
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):W - Vorhaben Geowissenschaftl. Fernerkundungs- und GIS-Verfahren (alt)
Standort: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Deutsches Fernerkundungsdatenzentrum > Umwelt und Sicherheit
Hinterlegt von: Sandro Martinis
Hinterlegt am:16 Jan 2009
Letzte Änderung:12 Dez 2013 20:35

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