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Towards operational near real-time flood detection using a split-based automatic thresholding procedure on high resolution TerraSAR-X data

Martinis, Sandro and Twele, André and Voigt, Stefan (2009) Towards operational near real-time flood detection using a split-based automatic thresholding procedure on high resolution TerraSAR-X data. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 9, pp. 303-314. ISSN 1561-8633.

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Official URL: http://www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/9/303/2009/nhess-9-303-2009.html

Abstract

In this paper, an automatic near-real time (NRT) flood detection approach is presented, which combines histogram thresholding and segmentation based classification, specifically oriented to the analysis of single-polarized very high resolution SAR satellite data. The challenge of SAR-based flood detection is addressed in a completely unsupervised way, which assumes no training data and therefore no prior information about the class statistics to be available concerning the area of investigation. This is usually the case in NRT-disaster management, where the collection of ground truth information is not feasible due to time-constraints. A simple thresholding algorithm can be used in the bulk of the cases to distinguish between the classes ‘flood’ and ‘non-flood’ in a high resolution SAR image to detect the largest part of an inundation area. Due to the fact that local gray-level changes may not be distinguished by global thresholding techniques in large satellite scenes the thresholding algorithm is integrated into a split-based approach for the derivation of a global threshold by the analysis and combination of the split inherent information. The derived global threshold is then integrated into a multi-scale segmentation step combining the advantages of small-, medium-and large-scale per parcel segmentation. Experimental investigations performed on a TerraSAR-X Stripmap scene from southwest England during heavy inundations in the year 2007 confirm the effectiveness of the proposed split-based approach in combination with image segmentation and optional integration of digital elevation models.

Document Type:Article
Title:Towards operational near real-time flood detection using a split-based automatic thresholding procedure on high resolution TerraSAR-X data
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Martinis, Sandrosandro.martinis@dlr.de
Twele, Andréandre.twele@dlr.de
Voigt, StefanStefan.Voigt@dlr.de
Date:11 March 2009
Journal or Publication Title:Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences
Refereed publication:Yes
In Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:9
Page Range:pp. 303-314
ISSN:1561-8633
Status:Published
Keywords:TerraSAR-X, flood detection, image segmentation, automatic thresholding
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Geowissenschaftl. Fernerkundungs- und GIS-Verfahren (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Environment and Security
Deposited By: Sandro Martinis
Deposited On:16 Jan 2009
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 20:35

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