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Geodetic exploitation of the 2014-2015 Bardarbunga unrest: volume variation history and lava tube evolution

Rossi, Cristian und Pedersen, Gro und Dumont, Stephanie und Dierschel, Mariel (2016) Geodetic exploitation of the 2014-2015 Bardarbunga unrest: volume variation history and lava tube evolution. AGU Fall Meeting 2016, 12-16 Dec. 2016, San Francisco, USA.

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Offizielle URL: https://agu.confex.com/agu/fm15/webprogram/Paper61806.html

Kurzfassung

On August 31, 2014, the main effusive eruption started at Holuhraun in the on the Flædur flood plain (central Iceland), located ~6km north of Vatnajökull glacier and 47 km north east of the Bardarbunga ice-covered caldera, source of the Holuhraun eruption. The activity was declared finished on February 27, 2015, thus lasting for about 6 months. During these months the dyke feeding the eruption kept extracting the magma from the chamber located below the caldera causing the rare event of a gradual caldera collapse. In this context and because of the difficult access conditions of the Icelandic highlands, TanDEM-X remote sensing data is of particular interest. By producing high-resolution and accurate elevation models, TanDEM-X data allow quantification of elevation and volume changes observed within the volcanic system during the eruption. This study focuses on the space-time evolution of the Bardarbunga caldera collapse and the evolution of closed lava pathways in the Holuhraun lava field. It provides a unique opportunity to better characterize and understand the physical processes behind these topographical changes. A stack of thirteen DEMs is employed for the caldera monitoring and imaging of the northwestern portion of the Vatnajökull glacier. The caldera volume loss has been temporally tracked, up to the final measured loss of about 1.4 cubic kilometers. Moreover, the dyke propagation from Bardarbunga to the Holuhraun lava field has been derived and a graben structure with a width of up to 1 km and a sinking of a few meters has been measured. A second stack of nine DEMs over the Holuhraun area has also been generated. This data stack covers the last stage of the eruption, allowing the characterization of a lava field, which was dominated by the gradual development of closed lava pathways. The areas of uplift have been precisely localized and the volume estimates for this phase of the eruption have been derived, thus getting a more detailed picture of the closure of the eruption and its space-time evolution up to a few months after the end of the activity. Finally, the two stacks allow the derivation of the ratio between the caldera volume loss and the lava volume, which has been temporally tracked.

Dokumentart:Konferenzbeitrag (Poster)
Titel:Geodetic exploitation of the 2014-2015 Bardarbunga unrest: volume variation history and lava tube evolution
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-AdresseAutoren-ORCID
Rossi, Cristiancristian.rossi@dlr.deNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Pedersen, GroUni IcelandNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Dumont, StephanieUni IcelandNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Dierschel, MarielUCLNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Datum:Dezember 2016
Referierte Publikation:Nein
In Open Access:Nein
In SCOPUS:Nein
In ISI Web of Science:Nein
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:DEM, Volcano, InSAR
Veranstaltungstitel:AGU Fall Meeting 2016
Veranstaltungsort:San Francisco, USA
Veranstaltungsart:internationale Konferenz
Veranstaltungsdatum:12-16 Dec. 2016
Veranstalter :AGU
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Luftfahrt, Raumfahrt und Verkehr
HGF - Programm:Raumfahrt
HGF - Programmthema:Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Raumfahrt
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):R - Projekt TanDEM-X
Standort: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Methodik der Fernerkundung > SAR-Signalverarbeitung
Hinterlegt von: Rossi, Cristian
Hinterlegt am:21 Mär 2017 08:53
Letzte Änderung:21 Mär 2017 08:53

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