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ESA CAVES: TRAINING ASTRONAUTS FOR SPACE EXPLORATION

Bessone, Loredana und Beblo-Vranesevic, Kristina und Cossu, Quirico Antonello und De Waele, Jo und Leuko, Stefan und Marcia, Paolo und Rettberg, Petra und Sanna, Laura und Sauro, Francesco und Taiti, Stefano (2013) ESA CAVES: TRAINING ASTRONAUTS FOR SPACE EXPLORATION. In: Karst and Caves: Social Aspects and Other Topics - 2013 ICS Proceedings, Seiten 321-326. International Union of Speleology. 16th International Congress of Speleology, 21.-28. Juli 2013, Brno, Czech Republic.

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Kurzfassung

The first spaceflight was several decades ago, and yet extraterrestrial exploration is only at the beginning and has mainly been carried out by robotic probes and rovers sent to extraterrestrial planets and deep space. In the future human extraterrestrial exploration will take place and to get ready for long periods of permanence in space, astronauts are trained during long duration missions on the International Space Station (ISS). To prepare for such endeavours, team training activities are performed in extreme environments on Earth, as isolated deserts, base camps on Antarctica, or stations built on the bottom of the sea, trying to simulate the conditions and operations of space. Space agencies are also particularly interested in the search of signs of life forms in past or present extreme natural environments, such as salt lakes in remote deserts, very deep ocean habitats, submarine volcanic areas, sulphuric acid caves, and lava tubes. One natural environment that very realistically mimics an extraterrestrial exploration habitat is the cave. Caves are dark, remote places, with constant temperature, many logistic problems and stressors (isolation, communication and supply difficulties, physical barriers), and their exploration requires discipline, teamwork, technical skills and a great deal of behavioural adaptation. For this reason, since 2008 the European Space Agency has carried out training activities in the subterranean environment and the CAVES project is one of those training courses, probably the most realistic one. CAVES stands for Cooperative Adventure for Valuing and Exercising human behaviour and performance Skills, and is meant as a multidisciplinary multicultural team exploration mission in a cave. It has been developed by ESA in the past few years (2008–2011) and is open for training of astronauts of the ISS Partner Space Agencies (USA, Russia, Japan, Canada, and Europe). Astronauts are first trained for 5 days to explore, document and survey a karst system, then take on a cave exploration mission for 6 days underground. A team of expert cave instructors, a Human Behaviour and Performance facilitator, scientists and video reporters, ensure that all tasks are performed in complete safety and guides all these astronauts’ activities. During the underground mission the astronauts’ technical competences are challenged (exploring, surveying, taking pictures), their human behaviour and decision-making skills are debriefed, and they are required to carry out an operational programme which entails performing scientific tasks and testing equipment, similarly to what they are required to do on the ISS. The science program includes environmental and air circulation monitoring, mineralogy, microbiology, chemical composition of waters, and search for life forms adapted to the cavern environment. The CAVES 2012 Course will be explained and the first interesting scientific results will be presented.

Dokumentart:Konferenzbeitrag (Vortrag)
Titel:ESA CAVES: TRAINING ASTRONAUTS FOR SPACE EXPLORATION
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Bessone, Loredana Directorate of Human Space Flight and Operations, European Space Agency, Linder Höhe, 51147 Köln, Germany, loredana.bessone@esa.int
Beblo-Vranesevic, Kristina German Aerospace Center (DLR e V.), Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Research Group “Astrobiology”, Linder Höhe, 51147 Köln, Germany, kristina.beblo@dlr.de
Cossu, Quirico Antonello Sardinian Environmental Protection Agency, Via Rockfeller 58-60, 07100 Sassari, Italy, qacossu@arpa.sardegna.it
De Waele, Jo Department of Biological, Geological and Environmental Sciences, Bologna University, Via Zamboni 67, 40126, Bologna, Italy, jo.dewaele@unibo.it
Leuko, Stefan German Aerospace Center (DLR e V.), Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Research Group “Astrobiology”, Linder Höhe, 51147 Köln, Germany, stefan.leuko@dlr.de
Marcia, Paolo Department of Science for Nature and Environmental Resources, Sassari University, Via Piandanna 4, 07100 Sassari, Italy, pmarcia@uniss.it
Rettberg, Petra German Aerospace Center (DLR e V.), Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Research Group “Astrobiology”, Linder Höhe, 51147 Köln, Germany, petra.rettberg@dlr.de
Sanna, Laura Department of Science for Nature and Environmental Resources, Sassari University, Via Piandanna 4, 07100 Sassari, speleokikers@tiscali.it
Sauro, Francesco Department of Biological, Geological and Environmental Sciences, Bologna University, Via Zamboni 67, 40126, Bologna, Italy, sauro.francesco@libero.it
Taiti, Stefano Institute for Ecosystem Study, Italian National Research Council, Via Madonna del Piano 10, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Florence, Italy, stefano.taiti@ise.cnr.it
Datum:2013
Erschienen in:Karst and Caves: Social Aspects and Other Topics - 2013 ICS Proceedings
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Nein
Seitenbereich:Seiten 321-326
Verlag:International Union of Speleology
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:Human Extraterrestrial Exploration, ESA CAVES, Space Exploration, Training of Astronauts
Veranstaltungstitel:16th International Congress of Speleology
Veranstaltungsort:Brno, Czech Republic
Veranstaltungsart:internationale Konferenz
Veranstaltungsdatum:21.-28. Juli 2013
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Luftfahrt, Raumfahrt und Verkehr
HGF - Programm:Raumfahrt
HGF - Programmthema:Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Raumfahrt
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):R - Vorhaben Strahlenbiologie
Standort: Köln-Porz
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Luft- und Raumfahrtmedizin > Strahlenbiologie
Hinterlegt von: Kerstin Kopp
Hinterlegt am:03 Sep 2013 15:24
Letzte Änderung:08 Mai 2014 23:29

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