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Synthesis and Properties of Flexible Silica Aerogels as a Precursor for Si-O-C Aerogels

Niemeyer, Philipp (2012) Synthesis and Properties of Flexible Silica Aerogels as a Precursor for Si-O-C Aerogels. Bachelor's, RWTH Aachen.

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Abstract

This bachelor thesis is about the production of flexible aerogels as a precursor for Si-O-C aerogels. Two organo-modified silica sources, MTMS and GPTMS, as well as a coupling agent were chosen for reaction. The first part deals with the synthesis and characterization of flexible MTMS/GPTMS aerogels. Well known compositions of MTMS, GPTMS and DETA become flexible by the use of certain amounts of water and methanol. The procedure of preparing the gels as well as washing and drying is described. Two series of samples were produced. One had a higher content of water and the other had a higher content of methanol. After supercritical drying the aerogels obtained were characterized. Specific surface area, density, Young's modulus and microstructure are a few of the properties measured. The second part deals with the pyrolysis and the characterization of the pyrolyzed samples. Again specific surface area, density, Young's modulus, microstructure and other properties were measured. FTIR spectra were taken trying to determine the chemical bonds of the pyrolyzed aerogels.

Document Type:Thesis (Bachelor's)
Title:Synthesis and Properties of Flexible Silica Aerogels as a Precursor for Si-O-C Aerogels
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Niemeyer, PhilippUNSPECIFIED
Date:November 2012
Number of Pages:58
Status:Published
Keywords:Aerogel, Flexibility, density, specific surface area, MTMS, GPTMS
Institution:RWTH Aachen
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Terrestrial Vehicles
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V BF - Bodengebundene Fahrzeuge
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Projekt Neuartige Fahrzeugstrukturen (old)
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Materials Physics in Space
Deposited By: Prof. Lorenz Ratke
Deposited On:14 Nov 2012 13:36
Last Modified:14 Nov 2012 13:36

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