The influence of post-perovskite strength on the Earth's mantle thermal and chemical evolution.
Samuel, H. and Tosi, N. (2012) The influence of post-perovskite strength on the Earth's mantle thermal and chemical evolution. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 323-324, pp. 50-59. DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2012.01.024.
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We have investigated the influence of post-perovskite (ppv) viscosity on mantle convective dynamics and stirring efficiency, using numerical modeling and simple analytical theory. Our results show that the strength of ppv has a dramatic influence on convective dynamics. The presence of a weak ppv enhances heat transfer across the bottom thermal boundary layer, resulting in higher temperatures, lower mantle viscosities and considerably larger convective velocities. This leads to a significant increase in stirring efficiencies with decreasing the ppv strength, by at least one order of magnitude. In addition, using a simple parameterized convection evolution that includes the influence of ppv, coupled to a mixing model, we show that during the long term history of the Earth's mantle, the presence of ppv yields systematically hotter thermal evolution and more efficient convective stirring. Such a strong effect of ppv strength on mantle stirring efficiency suggests that the influence of ppv phase must be considered when interpreting both geochemical and geophysical observations. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Highlights: 1) We study the influence of ppv strength on mantle convective mixing. 2) Weaker ppv yields higher temperatures and convective velocities. 3) We derived scalings for stirring and convective heat transfer with ppv. 4) Weak ppv can increase stirring efficiency by at least a factor 10. 5) ppv must be taken into account for interpreting surface observations.
|Title:||The influence of post-perovskite strength on the Earth's mantle thermal and chemical evolution.|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Earth and Planetary Science Letters|
|In Open Access:||No|
|In ISI Web of Science:||Yes|
|Page Range:||pp. 50-59|
|Keywords:||convective stirring; post-perovskite phase change; mantle heterogeneity; thermal evolution|
|HGF - Research field:||Aeronautics, Space and Transport|
|HGF - Program:||Space|
|HGF - Program Themes:||W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums|
|DLR - Research area:||Space|
|DLR - Program:||W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums|
|DLR - Research theme (Project):||W - Vorhaben Exploration des Sonnensystems (old)|
|Institutes and Institutions:||Institute of Planetary Research > Planetary Physics|
Institute of Planetary Research
|Deposited By:||Lena Noack|
|Deposited On:||27 Jun 2012 14:43|
|Last Modified:||07 Feb 2013 20:07|
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