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Uranus Pathfinder: exploring the origins and evolution of Ice Giant planets

Arridge, C.S. und Agnor, C.B. und André, N. und Baines, K.H. und Fletcher, L.N. und Gautier, D. und Hofstadter, M.D. und Jones, G.H. und Lamy, L. und Langevin, Y. und Mousis, O. und Nettelmann, N. und Russell, C.T. und Stallard, T. und Tiscareno, M.S. und Tobie, G. und Bacon, A. und Chaloner, C. und Guest, M. und Kemble, S. und Peacocke, L. und Achilleos, N. und Andert, T.P. und Banfield, D. und Barabash, S. und Barthelemy, M. und Bertucci, C. und Brandt, P. und Cecconi, B. und Chakrabarti, S. und Cheng, A.F. und Christensen, U. und Christou, A. und Coates, A.J. und Collinson, G. und Cooper, J.F. und Courtin, R. und Dougherty, M.K. und Ebert, R.W. und Entradas, M. und Fazakerley, A.N. und Fortney, J.J. und Galand, M. und Gustin, J. und Hedman, M. und Helled, R. und Henri, P. und Hess, S. und Holme, R. und Karatekin, Ö. und Krupp, N. und Leisner, J. und Martin-Torres, J. und Masters, A. und Melin, H. und Miller, S. und Müller-Wodarg, I. und Noyelles, B. und Paranicas, C. und de Pater, I. und Pätzold, M. und Prangé, R. und Quémerais, E. und Roussos, E. und Rymer, A.M. und Sánchez-Lavega, A. und Saur, J. und Sayanagi, K.M. und Schenk, P. und Schubert, G. und Sergis, N. und Sohl, F. und Sittler Jr., E.C. und Teanby, N. und Tellmann, S. und Turtle, E.P. und Vinatier, S. und Wahlund, J.-E. und Zarka, P. (2012) Uranus Pathfinder: exploring the origins and evolution of Ice Giant planets. Experimental Astronomy, 33 (2-3), Seiten 753-791. DOI: 10.1007/s10686-011-9251-4.

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Kurzfassung

The “Ice Giants” Uranus and Neptune are a different class of planet compared to Jupiter and Saturn. Studying these objects is important for furthering our understanding of the formation and evolution of the planets, and unravelling the fundamental physical and chemical processes in the Solar System. The importance of filling these gaps in our knowledge of the Solar System is particularly acute when trying to apply our understanding to the numerous planetary systems that have been discovered around other stars. The Uranus Pathfinder (UP) mission thus represents the quintessential aspects of the objectives of the European planetary community as expressed in ESA’s Cosmic Vision 2015–2025. UP was proposed to the European Space Agency’s M3 call for medium-class missions in 2010 and proposed to be the first orbiter of an Ice Giant planet. As the most accessible Ice Giant within the M-class mission envelope Uranus was identified as the mission target. Although not selected for this call the UP mission concept provides a baseline framework for the exploration of Uranus with existing low-cost platforms and underlines the need to develop power sources suitable for the outer Solar System. The UP science case is based around exploring the origins, evolution, and processes at work in Ice Giant planetary systems. Three broad themes were identified: (1) Uranus as an Ice Giant, (2) An Ice Giant planetary system, and (3) An asymmetric magnetosphere. Due to the long interplanetary transfer from Earth to Uranus a significant cruise-phase science theme was also developed. The UP mission concept calls for the use of a Mars Express/Rosetta-type platform to launch on a Soyuz–Fregat in 2021 and entering into an eccentric polar orbit around Uranus in the 2036–2037 timeframe. The science payload has a strong heritage in Europe and beyond and requires no significant technology developments.

Dokumentart:Zeitschriftenbeitrag
Titel:Uranus Pathfinder: exploring the origins and evolution of Ice Giant planets
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Arridge, C.S.Mullard Space Science Laboratory, Department of Space and Climate Physics, University College London, London, UK
Agnor, C.B.School of Physics and Astronomy, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK
André, N.Centre d’Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements / CNRS, Toulouse, France
Baines, K.H.NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, USA
Fletcher, L.N.Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
Gautier, D.LESIA, CNRS-Observatoire de Paris, Meudon, France
Hofstadter, M.D.NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, USA
Jones, G.H.Mullard Space Science Laboratory, Department of Space and Climate Physics, University College London, London, UK
Lamy, L.LESIA, CNRS-Observatoire de Paris, Meudon, France
Langevin, Y.Institut d’Astrophysique Spatiale, CNRS/Univ. Paris-Sud 11, Orsay, France
Mousis, O.Institut UTINAM, CNRS, OSU THETA, Université de Franche-Comté, Besançon, France
Nettelmann, N.Universität Rostock, Rostock, Germany
Russell, C.T.Institute for Geophysics and Planetary Physics, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, USA
Stallard, T.Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK
Tiscareno, M.S.Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
Tobie, G.LPG, CNRS, Université de Nantes, Nantes, France
Bacon, A.Systems Engineering and Assessment Ltd., Bristol, UK
Chaloner, C.Systems Engineering and Assessment Ltd., Bristol, UK
Guest, M.Systems Engineering and Assessment Ltd., Bristol, UK
Kemble, S.EADS Astrium, Stevenage, UK
Peacocke, L.EADS Astrium, Stevenage, UK
Achilleos, N.Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, London, UK
Andert, T.P.Universität der Bundeswehr, Munich, Germany
Banfield, D.Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
Barabash, S.Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Kiruna, Sweden
Barthelemy, M.Université Joseph Fourier/CNRS-INSU / Institut de Planétologie et d’Astrophysique de Grenoble (IPAG), Grenoble, France
Bertucci, C.Institute of Astronomy and Space Physics, University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Brandt, P.Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, MD, USA
Cecconi, B.LESIA, CNRS-Observatoire de Paris, Meudon, France
Chakrabarti, S.Centre for Space Physics, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA
Cheng, A.F.Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, MD, USA
Christensen, U.Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany
Christou, A.Armagh Observatory, Armagh, Northern Ireland
Coates, A.J.Mullard Space Science Laboratory, Department of Space and Climate Physics, University College London, London, UK
Collinson, G.NASA Goddard Space Flight Centre, Greenbelt, MD, USA
Cooper, J.F.NASA Goddard Space Flight Centre, Greenbelt, MD, USA
Courtin, R.LESIA, CNRS-Observatoire de Paris, Meudon, France
Dougherty, M.K.The Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, London, UK
Ebert, R.W.Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, TX, USA
Entradas, M.Department of Science and Technology Studies, University College London, London, UK
Fazakerley, A.N.Mullard Space Science Laboratory, Department of Space and Climate Physics, University College London, London, UK
Fortney, J.J.University of California, Santa Cruz, CA, USA
Galand, M.The Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, London, UK
Gustin, J.Laboratoire de Physique Atmosphérique et Planétaire, Université de Liège, Liège, Belgium
Hedman, M.Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
Helled, R.Department of Earth and Space Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Henri, P.LESIA, CNRS-Observatoire de Paris, Meudon, France
Hess, S.University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA
Holme, R.School of Environmental Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
Karatekin, Ö.Royal Observatory of Belgium, Brussels, Belgium
Krupp, N.Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany
Leisner, J.Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
Martin-Torres, J.Centre for Astrobiology, Madrid, Spain
Masters, A.Mullard Space Science Laboratory, Department of Space and Climate Physics, University College London, London, UK
Melin, H.Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK
Miller, S.Department of Science and Technology Studies, University College London, London, UK
Müller-Wodarg, I.The Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, London, UK
Noyelles, B.Namur Centre for Complex Systems (NAXYS), University of Namur, Namur, Belgium
Paranicas, C.Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, MD, USA
de Pater, I.University of California, Berkeley, USA
Pätzold, M.Rhenish Institute for Environmental Research, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
Prangé, R.LESIA, CNRS-Observatoire de Paris, Meudon, France
Quémerais, E.LATMOS, CNRS, Guyancourt, France
Roussos, E.Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany
Rymer, A.M.Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, MD, USA
Sánchez-Lavega, A.University of the Basque Country, Bilbao, Spain
Saur, J.Institute of Geophysics and Meteorology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
Sayanagi, K.M.Department of Earth and Space Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Schenk, P.Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, TX, USA
Schubert, G.Department of Earth and Space Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Sergis, N.Office for Space Research, Academy of Athens, Athens, Greece
Sohl, F.frank.sohl@dlr.de
Sittler Jr., E.C.NASA Goddard Space Flight Centre, Greenbelt, MD, USA
Teanby, N.School of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Tellmann, S.Rhenish Institute for Environmental Research, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
Turtle, E.P.Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, MD, USA
Vinatier, S.LESIA, CNRS-Observatoire de Paris, Meudon, France
Wahlund, J.-E.Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Uppsala, Sweden
Zarka, P.LESIA, CNRS-Observatoire de Paris, Meudon, France
Datum:2012
Erschienen in:Experimental Astronomy
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In SCOPUS:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Ja
Band:33
DOI :10.1007/s10686-011-9251-4
Seitenbereich:Seiten 753-791
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:Uranus; ice giants; orbiter; giant planet atmosphere; ring system; interior; dynamo; magnetosphere; natural satellite.
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programmthema:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Weltraum
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):W - Vorhaben Exploration des Sonnensystems (alt)
Standort: Berlin-Adlershof
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Planetenforschung > Planetenphysik
Hinterlegt von: Frank Sohl
Hinterlegt am:06 Feb 2012 10:52
Letzte Änderung:26 Mär 2013 13:37

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