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Large Eddy Simulation of the flow around an idealized high-speed train

Schiffer, Stefanie and Wagner, Claus (2011) Large Eddy Simulation of the flow around an idealized high-speed train. Stab Workshop 2011, 9.-10. Nov. 2011, Goettingen, Germany.

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Abstract

For the optimization of modern high-speed trains it is essential to fully understand the instantaneous and time-averaged flow around the train body. Recent numerical studies are mostly based on solutions of the Reynolds Averaged Navier Stokes (RANS) equations to investigate the development of the flow. For the study presented here however Large Eddy Simulation (LES) has been performed to obtain more details regarding the time-dependent aerodynamic loads and more reliable results in general. Since the front of a train is subjected to the largest forces1, the focus of this study was laid on the flow around the train's nose. Therefore a simplified model of a high-speed train has been developed for the first Simulations. Also geometrically more complex train models will be considered. A further simplification of the set-up was to investigate a low Reynolds number flow in order to lower the already quite high computational costs that the application of the LES technique usually implies. Typical Reynolds numbers for investigations of the flow around a modern high-speed train are of the order of 10-15 Mio, based on the free stream velocity and the standard train width (d=3m). This study was conducted with a Reynolds number of 280000, also based on the free stream velocity and, since the model is a scaled version of the original train, the scaled train width (d=3/25m). Simulations have been performed without and with a side-wind leading an angle of attack of 30° to examine cross-wind effects. For subgrid-scale modeling the Smagorinsky model2 in combination with van Driest damping were used. The simulations have been carried out with a second order central differencing method on an unstructured grid with more than 9 Mio (no side-wind, 0°) and 15 Mio (angle of attack: 30°) cells. In Figure 1(a) and (b) the instantaneous velocity field in streamwise diirection is displayed. It shows the turbulent nature of the flow around this bluff body, especially in the wake of the train's head and below the undercarriage. The time-averaged flow behaviour around the train's head can be seen in Figure 2(a) and (b) where the streamlines projected onto the z-plane without and with sidewind component at a 30° angle of attack are presented. In Figure 2(a) two almost symmetrical vortices can be observed in the wake of the train's head. This is characteristic for a bluff body flow. For the 30° angle of attack there is a shift in the two vortices in the wake, since the flow around the body is no longer symmetrical.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Speech, Paper)
Title:Large Eddy Simulation of the flow around an idealized high-speed train
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Schiffer, StefanieUNSPECIFIED
Wagner, ClausUNSPECIFIED
Date:November 2011
Refereed publication:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Page Range:pp. 96-97
Series Name:STAB Jahresbericht 2011
Status:Published
Keywords:Large Eddy Simulation, train aerodynamics, wake structures, cross-wind, subgrid-scale model, bluff body
Event Title:Stab Workshop 2011
Event Location:Goettingen, Germany
Event Type:Workshop
Event Dates:9.-10. Nov. 2011
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:Terrestrial Vehicles
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V BF - Bodengebundene Fahrzeuge
DLR - Research theme (Project):V - Next Generation Train (old)
Location: Göttingen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Aerodynamics and Flow Technology > Fluid Systems
Deposited By: Stefanie Schiffer
Deposited On:28 Nov 2011 15:37
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 21:23

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