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Growth of dendrites into undercooled melts under microgravity conditions

Herlach, Dieter and Galenko, Peter (2010) Growth of dendrites into undercooled melts under microgravity conditions. Journal of the Japan Society of Microgravity Application, 27 (4), pp. 245-251. ISSN 0915-3616.

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Abstract

The application of containerless processing by electromagnetic levitation gives access to liquid drops of metals and alloys to be undercooled over a large temperature range below their melting points. In such a way a metastable liquid is created, which possesses an enhaced free enthalpy. This can be used by the system to choose between different solidification pathways in various metastable solid states which may differe in their physical properties from the stable counterpart. In the present paper, the velocity of crystal growth in undercooled melts is investigated. Crystal growth in undercooled melts takes place by rapid propagation of dendrites into the liquid. Dendrite growth is controlled by heat- and in case of alloys by mass-redistribution in front of the solid/liquid interface. Since heat- and mass transport are influenced by convection it is essential to determine the influence of convection on dendrite growth dynamics. Comparative experiments on measurements of dendrite growth velocity as a function of undercooling under terrestrial conditions and in reduced gravity are presented. Mesoscopic models are applied to analyze the experimental results. Finally, an outlook is given for future experiments to be performed on board the International Space Station, which are currently in preparation.

Document Type:Article
Title:Growth of dendrites into undercooled melts under microgravity conditions
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Herlach, Dieterdieter.herlach@dlr.de
Galenko, Peterpeter.galenko@dlr.de
Date:2010
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of the Japan Society of Microgravity Application
Refereed publication:Yes
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:27
Page Range:pp. 245-251
ISSN:0915-3616
Status:Published
Keywords:Undercooling of Materials
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Research under Space Conditions
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben Materialforschung unter Mikro-g
Location: Köln-Porz
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Materials Physics in Space
Deposited By: Dieter Herlach
Deposited On:28 Jul 2011 14:58
Last Modified:07 Feb 2013 19:44

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