Growth of dendrites into undercooled melts under microgravity conditions
Herlach, Dieter and Galenko, Peter (2010) Growth of dendrites into undercooled melts under microgravity conditions. Journal of the Japan Society of Microgravity Application, 27 (4), pp. 245-251. ISSN 0915-3616.
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The application of containerless processing by electromagnetic levitation gives access to liquid drops of metals and alloys to be undercooled over a large temperature range below their melting points. In such a way a metastable liquid is created, which possesses an enhaced free enthalpy. This can be used by the system to choose between different solidification pathways in various metastable solid states which may differe in their physical properties from the stable counterpart. In the present paper, the velocity of crystal growth in undercooled melts is investigated. Crystal growth in undercooled melts takes place by rapid propagation of dendrites into the liquid. Dendrite growth is controlled by heat- and in case of alloys by mass-redistribution in front of the solid/liquid interface. Since heat- and mass transport are influenced by convection it is essential to determine the influence of convection on dendrite growth dynamics. Comparative experiments on measurements of dendrite growth velocity as a function of undercooling under terrestrial conditions and in reduced gravity are presented. Mesoscopic models are applied to analyze the experimental results. Finally, an outlook is given for future experiments to be performed on board the International Space Station, which are currently in preparation.
|Title:||Growth of dendrites into undercooled melts under microgravity conditions|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of the Japan Society of Microgravity Application|
|In ISI Web of Science:||No|
|Page Range:||pp. 245-251|
|Keywords:||Undercooling of Materials|
|HGF - Research field:||Aeronautics, Space and Transport|
|HGF - Program:||Raumfahrt|
|HGF - Program Themes:||R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen|
|DLR - Research area:||Raumfahrt|
|DLR - Program:||R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen|
|DLR - Research theme (Project):||R - Vorhaben Materialforschung unter Mikro-g|
|Institutes and Institutions:||Institute of Materials Physics in Space|
|Deposited By:||Dieter Herlach|
|Deposited On:||28 Jul 2011 14:58|
|Last Modified:||07 Feb 2013 19:44|
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