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Growth of dendrites into undercooled melts under microgravity conditions

Herlach, Dieter und Galenko, Peter (2010) Growth of dendrites into undercooled melts under microgravity conditions. Journal of the Japan Society of Microgravity Application, 27 (4), Seiten 245-251. ISSN 0915-3616.

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The application of containerless processing by electromagnetic levitation gives access to liquid drops of metals and alloys to be undercooled over a large temperature range below their melting points. In such a way a metastable liquid is created, which possesses an enhaced free enthalpy. This can be used by the system to choose between different solidification pathways in various metastable solid states which may differe in their physical properties from the stable counterpart. In the present paper, the velocity of crystal growth in undercooled melts is investigated. Crystal growth in undercooled melts takes place by rapid propagation of dendrites into the liquid. Dendrite growth is controlled by heat- and in case of alloys by mass-redistribution in front of the solid/liquid interface. Since heat- and mass transport are influenced by convection it is essential to determine the influence of convection on dendrite growth dynamics. Comparative experiments on measurements of dendrite growth velocity as a function of undercooling under terrestrial conditions and in reduced gravity are presented. Mesoscopic models are applied to analyze the experimental results. Finally, an outlook is given for future experiments to be performed on board the International Space Station, which are currently in preparation.

Titel:Growth of dendrites into undercooled melts under microgravity conditions
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Herlach, Dieterdieter.herlach@dlr.de
Galenko, Peterpeter.galenko@dlr.de
Erschienen in:Journal of the Japan Society of Microgravity Application
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Nein
Seitenbereich:Seiten 245-251
Stichwörter:Undercooling of Materials
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Luftfahrt, Raumfahrt und Verkehr
HGF - Programm:Raumfahrt
HGF - Programmthema:Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Raumfahrt
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:R FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):R - Vorhaben Materialforschung unter Mikro-g
Standort: Köln-Porz
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Materialphysik im Weltraum
Hinterlegt von: Dieter Herlach
Hinterlegt am:28 Jul 2011 14:58
Letzte Änderung:07 Feb 2013 19:44

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