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Remote Sensing-Based Characterization of Settlement Structures for Assessing Local Potential of District Heat

Geiß, Christian und Taubenböck, Hannes und Wurm, Michael und Esch, Thomas und Nast, Michael und Schillings, Christoph und Blaschke, Thomas (2011) Remote Sensing-Based Characterization of Settlement Structures for Assessing Local Potential of District Heat. Remote Sensing, 3 (7), Seiten 1447-1471. MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland. DOI: 10.3390/rs3071447. ISSN 2072-429.

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Offizielle URL: http://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/3/7/1447/

Kurzfassung

In Europe, heating of houses and commercial areas is one of the major contributors to greenhouse gas emissions. When considering the drastic impact of an increasing emission of greenhouse gases as well as the finiteness of fossil resources, the usage of efficient and renewable energy generation technologies has to be increased. In this context, small-scale heating networks are an important technical component, which enable the efficient and sustainable usage of various heat generation technologies. This paper investigates how the potential of district heating for different settlement structures can be assessed. In particular, we analyze in which way remote sensing and GIS data can assist the planning of optimized heat allocation systems. In order to identify the best suited locations, a spatial model is defined to assess the potential for small district heating networks. Within the spatial model, the local heat demand and the economic costs of the necessary heat allocation infrastructure are compared. Therefore, a first and major step is the detailed characterization of the settlement structure by means of remote sensing data. The method is developed on the basis of a test area in the town of Oberhaching in the South of Germany. The results are validated through detailed in situ data sets and demonstrate that the model facilitates both the calculation of the required input parameters and an accurate assessment of the district heating potential. The described method can be transferred to other investigation areas with a larger spatial extent. The study underlines the range of applications for remote sensing-based analyses with respect to energy-related planning issues.

Dokumentart:Zeitschriftenbeitrag
Titel:Remote Sensing-Based Characterization of Settlement Structures for Assessing Local Potential of District Heat
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Geiß, Christianchristian.geiss@dlr.de
Taubenböck, Hanneshannes.taubenboeck@dlr.de
Wurm, Michaelmichael.wurm@dlr.de
Esch, Thomasthomas.esch@dlr.de
Nast, Michaelmichael.nast@dlr.de
Schillings, Christophchristoph.schillings@dlr.de
Blaschke, Thomasthomas.blaschke@sbg.ac.at
Datum:8 Juli 2011
Erschienen in:Remote Sensing
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In Open Access:Ja
In SCOPUS:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Ja
Band:3
DOI :10.3390/rs3071447
Seitenbereich:Seiten 1447-1471
Herausgeber:
HerausgeberInstitution und/oder E-Mail-Adresse der Herausgeber
Blaschke, Thomasthomas.blaschke@sbg.ac.at
Hay, Geoffreygjhay@ucalgary.ca
Verlag:MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Name der Reihe:Special Issue "Urban Remote Sensing"
ISSN:2072-429
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:renewable energy systems; heat demand; small-scale heating networks; very high and medium geometric resolution, multisensory remote sensing data
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt), Energie
HGF - Programm:Weltraum (alt), Erneuerbare Energie
HGF - Programmthema:W EO - Erdbeobachtung, E MS - Management und Systemanalyse (alt)
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Weltraum, Energie
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:W EO - Erdbeobachtung, E MS - Management und Systemanalyse
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):W - Vorhaben Prozesse der Landoberfläche (alt), E - Systemanalyse und Technikbewertung (alt)
Standort: Stuttgart , Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Deutsches Fernerkundungsdatenzentrum > Landoberfläche
Institut für Technische Thermodynamik > Systemanalyse und Technikbewertung
Hinterlegt von: Christian Geiß
Hinterlegt am:13 Jul 2011 12:11
Letzte Änderung:12 Dez 2013 21:19

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