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Remote Sensing-Based Characterization of Settlement Structures for Assessing Local Potential of District Heat

Geiß, Christian and Taubenböck, Hannes and Wurm, Michael and Esch, Thomas and Nast, Michael and Schillings, Christoph and Blaschke, Thomas (2011) Remote Sensing-Based Characterization of Settlement Structures for Assessing Local Potential of District Heat. Remote Sensing, 3 (7), pp. 1447-1471. MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland. DOI: 10.3390/rs3071447. ISSN 2072-429.

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Official URL: http://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/3/7/1447/

Abstract

In Europe, heating of houses and commercial areas is one of the major contributors to greenhouse gas emissions. When considering the drastic impact of an increasing emission of greenhouse gases as well as the finiteness of fossil resources, the usage of efficient and renewable energy generation technologies has to be increased. In this context, small-scale heating networks are an important technical component, which enable the efficient and sustainable usage of various heat generation technologies. This paper investigates how the potential of district heating for different settlement structures can be assessed. In particular, we analyze in which way remote sensing and GIS data can assist the planning of optimized heat allocation systems. In order to identify the best suited locations, a spatial model is defined to assess the potential for small district heating networks. Within the spatial model, the local heat demand and the economic costs of the necessary heat allocation infrastructure are compared. Therefore, a first and major step is the detailed characterization of the settlement structure by means of remote sensing data. The method is developed on the basis of a test area in the town of Oberhaching in the South of Germany. The results are validated through detailed in situ data sets and demonstrate that the model facilitates both the calculation of the required input parameters and an accurate assessment of the district heating potential. The described method can be transferred to other investigation areas with a larger spatial extent. The study underlines the range of applications for remote sensing-based analyses with respect to energy-related planning issues.

Document Type:Article
Title:Remote Sensing-Based Characterization of Settlement Structures for Assessing Local Potential of District Heat
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Geiß, Christianchristian.geiss@dlr.de
Taubenböck, Hanneshannes.taubenboeck@dlr.de
Wurm, Michaelmichael.wurm@dlr.de
Esch, Thomasthomas.esch@dlr.de
Nast, Michaelmichael.nast@dlr.de
Schillings, Christophchristoph.schillings@dlr.de
Blaschke, Thomasthomas.blaschke@sbg.ac.at
Date:8 July 2011
Journal or Publication Title:Remote Sensing
Refereed publication:Yes
In Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:3
DOI:10.3390/rs3071447
Page Range:pp. 1447-1471
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Blaschke, Thomasthomas.blaschke@sbg.ac.at
Hay, Geoffreygjhay@ucalgary.ca
Publisher:MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Series Name:Special Issue "Urban Remote Sensing"
ISSN:2072-429
Status:Published
Keywords:renewable energy systems; heat demand; small-scale heating networks; very high and medium geometric resolution, multisensory remote sensing data
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old), Energy
HGF - Program:Space (old), Renewable Energies
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung, E MS - Systems analysis (old)
DLR - Research area:Space, Energy
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung, E MS - Systems analysis
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Prozesse der Landoberfläche (old), E - Systemanalyse und Technikbewertung (old)
Location: Stuttgart , Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:German Remote Sensing Data Center > Land Surface
Institute of Technical Thermodynamics > System Analysis and Technology Assessment
Deposited By: Christian Geiß
Deposited On:13 Jul 2011 12:11
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 21:19

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