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Interplanetary magnetic field orientation and the magnetospheres of close-in exoplanets

Johannsson, E. P. G. und Mueller, J. und Motschmann, U. (2011) Interplanetary magnetic field orientation and the magnetospheres of close-in exoplanets. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 525 (A117), Seite 14802. EDP Sciences. DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201014802. ISSN 0004-6361.

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Kurzfassung

The abundance of exoplanets with orbits smaller than that of Mercury most likely implies that there are exoplanets exposed to a quasiparallel stellar-wind magnetic field. Many of the generic features of stellar-wind interaction depend on the existence of a nonzero perpendicular interplanetary magnetic field component. However, for closer orbits the perpendicular component becomes smaller and smaller. The resulting quasiparallel interplanetary magnetic field may imply new types of magnetospheres and interactions not seen in the solar system. We simulate the Venus-like interaction between a supersonic stellar wind and an Earth-sized, unmagnetized terrestrial planet with ionosphere, orbiting a Sun-like star at 0.2 AU. The importance of a quasiparallel stellar-wind interaction is then studied by comparing three simulation runs with different angles between stellar wind direction and interplanetary magnetic field. The plasma simulation code is a hybrid code, representing ions as particles and electrons as a massless, charge-neutralizing adiabatic fluid. Apart from being able to observe generic features of supersonic stellar-wind interaction we observe the following changes and trends when reducing the angle between stellar wind and interplanetary magnetic field 1) that a large part of the bow shock is replaced by an unstable quasiparallel bow shock; 2) weakening magnetic draping and pile-up; 3) the creation of a second, flanking current sheet due to the need for the interplanetary magnetic field lines to connect to almost antiparallel draped field lines; 4) stellar wind reaching deeper into the dayside ionosphere; and 5) a decreasing ionospheric mass loss. The speed of the last two trends seems to accelerate at low angles.

Dokumentart:Zeitschriftenbeitrag
Titel:Interplanetary magnetic field orientation and the magnetospheres of close-in exoplanets
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-AdresseAutoren-ORCID
Johannsson, E. P. G. Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam, An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, GermanyNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Mueller, J.Institute for Theoretical Physics, TU Braunschweig, Mendelssohnstrasse 3, 38106 Braunschweig, GermanyNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Motschmann, U.Institute for Theoretical Physics, TU Braunschweig, Mendelssohnstrasse 3, 38106 Braunschweig, Germany; uwe.motschmann@dlr.deNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Datum:2011
Erschienen in:Astronomy and Astrophysics
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In Open Access:Nein
In SCOPUS:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Ja
Band:525
DOI :10.1051/0004-6361/201014802
Seitenbereich:Seite 14802
Verlag:EDP Sciences
ISSN:0004-6361
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:plasmas, planetary systems, stars, winds, outflows, magnetic fields
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programmthema:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Weltraum
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:W EW - Erforschung des Weltraums
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):W - Vorhaben Exploration des Sonnensystems (alt)
Standort: Berlin-Adlershof
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Planetenforschung > Asteroiden und Kometen
Hinterlegt von: Brumm, Laura-Maria
Hinterlegt am:17 Jun 2011 13:52
Letzte Änderung:19 Jul 2016 17:28

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