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Airborne lidar observations in the inflow region of a warm conveyor belt

Schäfler, Andreas and Dörnbrack, Andreas and Wernli, Heini and Kiemle, Christoph and Rahm, Stephan (2011) Airborne lidar observations in the inflow region of a warm conveyor belt. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 137, pp. 1257-1272. American Meteorological Society. DOI: 10.1002/qj.827.

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Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/qj.827/pdf

Abstract

Warm conveyor belts (WCBs) are key flow structures associated with extratropical cyclones. They transport moist air from the cyclone�s warm sector poleward and upward close to the tropopause level, leading to the formation of elongated cloud bands, intense latentheating and surface precipitation. In this study a comprehensive dataset of airborne lidar observations of moisture andwind fromdifferent campaigns has been investigated with a trajectory-based approach to identify �lucky encounters� with WCBs. On 19 July 2007, an upstream flight over the Iberian Peninsula during the European THORPEX Regional Campaign (ETReC 2007) in Central Europe intersected two WCBs: one in the upper tropospheric outflow region about 3 days after starting the ascent, and the other one in the boundary layer inflow region over Spain justprior to the strong ascent.Comparisonof the lidarhumiditymeasurements with analysis fields from the European Centre forMedium-RangeWeather Forecasts (ECMWF) reveals significant positive deviations, equivalent to an overestimation of the modelled humidity, in this low-tropospheric WCB inflow region (of about 1 g kg�1 (14%) on average and with peak deviations up to 7 g kg�1). It is noteworthy that this substantial bias occurs in a potentially dynamically highly relevant airmass that will be subsequently lifted within aWCBto the upper troposphere.ALagrangian moisture source diagnostic reveals that these largemoisture deviations occur within airmasses that, according to the ECMWF analyses, are coherently transported from the western Mediterranean towards Spain and experience intense moisture uptake over the Ebro valley. It is suggested that inaccuracies in surface evapotranspiration, horizontal moisture advection, and turbulent vertical transport of moisture in the atmospheric boundary layer potentially contribute to the erroneous lowtropospheric humidity in the inflow region of this particular summertime WCB over Spain in theECMWFanalyses.

Document Type:Article
Title:Airborne lidar observations in the inflow region of a warm conveyor belt
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Schäfler, Andreasandreas.schaefler@dlr.de
Dörnbrack, AndreasDLR
Wernli, HeiniETH Zurich, CH
Kiemle, ChristophDLR
Rahm, StephanETH Zurich, CH
Date:2011
Journal or Publication Title:Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society
Refereed publication:Yes
In Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:137
DOI:10.1002/qj.827
Page Range:pp. 1257-1272
Publisher:American Meteorological Society
Status:Published
Keywords:water vapour; wind; moisture transport; moisture uptake; aircraft observations
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben LIDAR-Forschung und -Entwicklung
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Lidar
Deposited By: Andreas Schäfler
Deposited On:25 Jan 2011 09:30
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 21:14

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