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Fully integrated mobility scenarios within sustainable futures for Germany

Borken, Jens and Keimel, Hermann and Klann, Uwe (2004) Fully integrated mobility scenarios within sustainable futures for Germany. In: Proceedings of the 10th World Conference on Transport Research. 10th World Conference on Transport Research, 2004-07-04 - 2004-07-08, Istanbul (Turkey).

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Abstract

Transport has been analysed as a sector and service fully embedded in the overall economy in Germany using a validated economy-environment model (Panta Rhei). Two contrasting scenarios for potential future macro-economic policies in Germany until the year 2020 have been analysed. Both scenarios result in economic and transport volume growth. Transport volumes are strongly driven by increasing international trade and diver-sification of labour. Moderating this trend appears as a key factor to influence transport volume growth. A decoupling of carbon dioxide emissions from economic growth appears only feasible with significant efficiency gains. Current markets have no sufficient incenives to realise these gains. Current markets have no sufficient incentives to realise these gains by themselves. If price signal shall be set, a long-term doubling of fuel prices and road charges seems necessary in order to cut the fleet fuel economy by two and to in-duce higher transport productivity. Furthermore, if economic growth by transport growth as well as reductions in carbon dioxide emissions shall be achieved, then the emissions from car travel, with two thirds the biggest emitter, must - and can - reduce strongly in order to compensate for the desired growth in freight transport. Maximal half of the transport emissions can be attributed to mobility demands of the end user. In particular the diverse and growing "leisure and tourism" activities are very (car) transport intensive. The other half must be allocated as a transport service, among which goods transport for building and food production. Hence policies affecting (private) transport or leisure activities have stronger links, while (freight) transport is linked with a variety of other fields. Emissions from vehicle production, including all product chains, add another 50 % to the carbon dioxide balance from vehicle operation for Germany, services add another 30 %, which has rarely been established quantitatively. These sectors represent important and increasing areas for reduction measures. Total employment and gross-value added in the transport sector hinge to about half on vehicle production and services. However production shifts fo foreign countries while services increas domestically. But despite their growth most employment and value in vehicle production will be generated outside Germany.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Title:Fully integrated mobility scenarios within sustainable futures for Germany
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Borken, JensUNSPECIFIED
Keimel, HermannUNSPECIFIED
Klann, UweUNSPECIFIED
Date:2004
Journal or Publication Title:Proceedings of the 10th World Conference on Transport Research
Refereed publication:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Sustainable development, explorative scenarios, macro-economic modelling, transport, indicators, interactions, assessment, Germany
Event Title:10th World Conference on Transport Research
Event Location:Istanbul (Turkey)
Event Type:international Conference
Event Dates:2004-07-04 - 2004-07-08
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Transport
HGF - Program Themes:other
DLR - Research area:Transport
DLR - Program:V - no assignement
DLR - Research theme (Project):V -- no assignement
Location: Berlin-Adlershof
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Transport Research
Deposited By: Dr.rer.nat. Jens Borken
Deposited On:17 Nov 2005
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 19:57

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