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Fully integrated mobility scenarios within sustainable futures for Germany

Borken, Jens und Keimel, Hermann und Klann, Uwe (2004) Fully integrated mobility scenarios within sustainable futures for Germany. In: Proceedings of the 10th World Conference on Transport Research. 10th World Conference on Transport Research, 2004-07-04 - 2004-07-08, Istanbul (Turkey).

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Transport has been analysed as a sector and service fully embedded in the overall economy in Germany using a validated economy-environment model (Panta Rhei). Two contrasting scenarios for potential future macro-economic policies in Germany until the year 2020 have been analysed. Both scenarios result in economic and transport volume growth. Transport volumes are strongly driven by increasing international trade and diver-sification of labour. Moderating this trend appears as a key factor to influence transport volume growth. A decoupling of carbon dioxide emissions from economic growth appears only feasible with significant efficiency gains. Current markets have no sufficient incenives to realise these gains. Current markets have no sufficient incentives to realise these gains by themselves. If price signal shall be set, a long-term doubling of fuel prices and road charges seems necessary in order to cut the fleet fuel economy by two and to in-duce higher transport productivity. Furthermore, if economic growth by transport growth as well as reductions in carbon dioxide emissions shall be achieved, then the emissions from car travel, with two thirds the biggest emitter, must - and can - reduce strongly in order to compensate for the desired growth in freight transport. Maximal half of the transport emissions can be attributed to mobility demands of the end user. In particular the diverse and growing "leisure and tourism" activities are very (car) transport intensive. The other half must be allocated as a transport service, among which goods transport for building and food production. Hence policies affecting (private) transport or leisure activities have stronger links, while (freight) transport is linked with a variety of other fields. Emissions from vehicle production, including all product chains, add another 50 % to the carbon dioxide balance from vehicle operation for Germany, services add another 30 %, which has rarely been established quantitatively. These sectors represent important and increasing areas for reduction measures. Total employment and gross-value added in the transport sector hinge to about half on vehicle production and services. However production shifts fo foreign countries while services increas domestically. But despite their growth most employment and value in vehicle production will be generated outside Germany.

Dokumentart:Konferenzbeitrag (Paper)
Titel:Fully integrated mobility scenarios within sustainable futures for Germany
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-AdresseAutoren-ORCID-iD
Erschienen in:Proceedings of the 10th World Conference on Transport Research
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In Open Access:Nein
In ISI Web of Science:Nein
Stichwörter:Sustainable development, explorative scenarios, macro-economic modelling, transport, indicators, interactions, assessment, Germany
Veranstaltungstitel:10th World Conference on Transport Research
Veranstaltungsort:Istanbul (Turkey)
Veranstaltungsart:internationale Konferenz
Veranstaltungsdatum:2004-07-04 - 2004-07-08
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Luftfahrt, Raumfahrt und Verkehr
HGF - Programm:Verkehr
HGF - Programmthema:keine Zuordnung
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Verkehr
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:V - keine Zuordnung
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):V - keine Zuordnung
Standort: Berlin-Adlershof
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Verkehrsforschung
Hinterlegt von: Borken, Dr.rer.nat. Jens
Hinterlegt am:17 Nov 2005
Letzte Änderung:12 Dez 2013 19:57

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