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Review of the formulation of present-generation stratospheric chemistry-climate models and associated external forcings

Morgenstern, O. and Giorgetta, M. A. and Shibata, K. and Eyring, Veronika and Waugh, D.W. and Shepherd, T.G. and Akiyoshi, H. and Austin, J. and Baumgaertner, A. and Bekki, S. and Braesicke, P. and Brühl, C. and Chipperfield, M. and Cugnet, D. and Dameris, Martin and Dhomse, S. and Frith, S. and Garny, Hella and Gettelman, A. and Hardiman, S.C. and Hegglin, M. I. and Jöckel, Patrick and Kinnison, D. E. and Lamarque, J.-F. and Mancini, E. and Manzini, E. and Marchand, M. and Michou, M. and Nakamura, T. and Nielsen, J. E. and Olivié, D. and Pitari, G. and Plummer, D.A. and Rozanov, E. and Scinocca, J.F. and Smale, D. and Teyssèdre, H. and Toohey, M. and Tian, W. and Yamashita, Y. (2010) Review of the formulation of present-generation stratospheric chemistry-climate models and associated external forcings. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115 (D00M02), pp. 1-18. DOI: 10.1029/2009JD013728 . ISSN 0148-0227.

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Official URL: http://www.agu.org/pubs/crossref/2010/2009JD013728.shtml

Abstract

The goal of the Chemistry-Climate Model Validation (CCMVal) activity is to improve understanding of chemistry-climate models (CCMs) through process-oriented evaluation and to provide reliable projections of stratospheric ozone and its impact on climate. An appreciation of the details of model formulations is essential for understanding how models respond to the changing external forcings of greenhouse gases and ozone-depleting substances, and hence for understanding the ozone and climate forecasts produced by the models participating in this activity. Here we introduce and review the models used for the second round (CCMVal-2) of this intercomparison, regarding the implementation of chemical, transport, radiative, and dynamical processes in these models. In particular, we review the advantages and problems associated with approaches used to model processes of relevance to stratospheric dynamics and chemistry. Furthermore, we state the definitions of the reference simulations performed, and describe the forcing data used in these simulations. We identify some developments in chemistry-climate modeling that make models more physically based or more comprehensive, including the introduction of an interactive ocean, online photolysis, troposphere-stratosphere chemistry, and non-orographic gravity-wave deposition as linked to tropospheric convection. The relatively new developments indicate that stratospheric CCM modeling is becoming more consistent with our physically based understanding of the atmosphere.

Document Type:Article
Title:Review of the formulation of present-generation stratospheric chemistry-climate models and associated external forcings
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of AuthorsAuthors ORCID
Morgenstern, O.National Inst. of Water and Atmos. Research, Lauder, NZUNSPECIFIED
Giorgetta, M. A.MPI für Meteorologie, HamburgUNSPECIFIED
Shibata, K.Japan Meteorol. Agency, Tsukuba, JUNSPECIFIED
Eyring, VeronikaDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Waugh, D.W.Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD, USAUNSPECIFIED
Shepherd, T.G.Uni Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, CNDUNSPECIFIED
Akiyoshi, H.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Austin, J.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Baumgaertner, A.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bekki, S.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Braesicke, P.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Brühl, C.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Chipperfield, M.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Cugnet, D.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Dameris, MartinDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Dhomse, S.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Frith, S.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Garny, HellaDLR-PAUNSPECIFIED
Gettelman, A.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hardiman, S.C.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hegglin, M. I.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Jöckel, PatrickDLR, IPAUNSPECIFIED
Kinnison, D. E.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lamarque, J.-F.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Mancini, E.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Manzini, E.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Marchand, M.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Michou, M.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Nakamura, T.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Nielsen, J. E.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Olivié, D.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Pitari, G.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Plummer, D.A.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Rozanov, E.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Scinocca, J.F.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Smale, D.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Teyssèdre, H.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Toohey, M.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Tian, W.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Yamashita, Y.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date:2010
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Geophysical Research
Refereed publication:Yes
In Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:115
DOI:10.1029/2009JD013728
Page Range:pp. 1-18
ISSN:0148-0227
Status:Published
Keywords:ozone hole, Southern Hemisphere climate change, CCMVal-2
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Atmosphären- und Klimaforschung (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Atmospheric Dynamics
Deposited By: Freund, Jana
Deposited On:24 Nov 2010 12:36
Last Modified:15 Apr 2016 09:09

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