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The influence of assimilating dropsonde data on typhoon track and mid-latitude forecasts

Weissmann, Martin and Harnisch, Florian and Wu, Chun-Chieh and Lin, Po-Hsiung and Ohta, Yoichiro and Yamashita, Koji and Kim, Yeon-Hee and Jeon, Eun-Hee and Nakazawa, Tetsuo and Aberson, Sim (2011) The influence of assimilating dropsonde data on typhoon track and mid-latitude forecasts. Monthly Weather Review, 139, pp. 908-920. DOI: 10.1175/2010MWR3377.1.

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Official URL: http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/pdf/10.1175/2010MWR3377.1


A unique data set of targeted dropsonde observations was collected during the THORPEX Pacific Asian Regional Campaign (T-PARC) in autumn 2008. The campaign was supplemented by an enhancement of the operational Dropsonde Observations for Typhoon Surveillance near the Taiwan Region (DOTSTAR) program. For the first time, up to four different aircraft were available for typhoon observations and over 1500 additional soundings were collected. This study investigates the influence of assimilating additional observations during the two major typhoon events of T-PARC on the typhoon track forecast by the global models of the European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF), the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA), the National Center for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) and the limited area Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. Additionally, the influence of T-PARC observations on ECMWF mid-latitude forecasts is investigated. All models show an improving tendency of typhoon track forecasts, but the degree of improvement varied from about 20-40% in NCEP and WRF to a comparably low influence in ECMWF and JMA. This is likely related to lower track forecast errors without dropsondes in the latter two models, presumably caused by a more extensive use of satellite data and 4D-Var assimilation at ECMWF and JMA compared to 3D-Var of NCEP and WRF. The different behavior of the models emphasizes that the benefit gained strongly depends on the quality of the first-guess field and the assimilation system.

Document Type:Article
Title:The influence of assimilating dropsonde data on typhoon track and mid-latitude forecasts
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Weissmann, MartinMartin.Weissmann@dlr.de
Harnisch, FlorianFlorian.Harnisch@dlr.de
Wu, Chun-ChiehNational Taiwan Univ. Taipei, Taiwan
Lin, Po-HsiungNational Taiwan Univ. Taipei, Taiwan
Ohta, YoichiroJapan Meteorol. Agency, Tokyo, J
Yamashita, KojiJapan Meteorol. Agency, Tokyo, J
Kim, Yeon-HeeKorea Meteorol. Agency, COR
Jeon, Eun-HeeKorea Meteorol. Agency, COR
Nakazawa, TetsuoMeteorol. Research Inst., Tsukuba, J
Aberson, SimHRD, Miami, FL, USA
Journal or Publication Title:Monthly Weather Review
Refereed publication:Yes
In Open Access:No
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Page Range:pp. 908-920
Keywords:observation targeting, dropsonde, data assimilation, observation impact
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Space
HGF - Program Themes:Earth Observation
DLR - Research area:Raumfahrt
DLR - Program:R EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):R - Vorhaben ADM (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Lidar
Deposited By: Martin Weissmann
Deposited On:22 Nov 2010 14:48
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 21:05

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