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Influences of the Indian Summer Monsoon on water vapour and ozone concentrations in the UTLS as simulated by Chemistry-Climate Models

Kunze, Markus and Braesicke, Peter and Langematz, Ulrike and Stiller, Gabriele and Bekki, Slimane and Brühl, Christoph and Chipperfield, Martyn and Dameris, Martin and Garcia, Rolando and Giorgetta, Marco (2010) Influences of the Indian Summer Monsoon on water vapour and ozone concentrations in the UTLS as simulated by Chemistry-Climate Models. Journal of Climate, 23, pp. 3525-3544. DOI: 10.1175/2010JCLI3280.1.

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Abstract

The representation of the Indian summer monsoon (ISM) circulation in some current chemistry–climate models (CCMs) is assessed. The main assessment focuses on the anticyclone that forms in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere and the related changes in water vapor and ozone during July and August for the recent past. The synoptic structures are described and CCMs and reanalysis models are compared. Multiannual means and weak versus strong monsoon cases as classified by the Monsoon–Hadley index (MHI) are discussed. The authors find that current CCMs capture the average synoptic structure of the ISM anticyclone well as compared to the 40-yr ECMWF Re-Analysis (ERA-40) and NCEP–NCAR reanalyses. The associated impact on water vapor and ozone in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere as observed with the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) on Envisat is captured by most models to some degree. The similarities for the strong versus weak monsoon cases are limited, and even for present-day conditions the models do not agree well for extreme events. Nevertheless, some features are present in the reanalyses and more than one CCM, for example, ozone increases at 380 K eastward of the ISM. With the database available for this study, future changes of the ISM are hard to assess. The modeled monsoon activity index used here shows slight weakening of the ISM circulation in a future climate, and some of the modeled water vapor increase seems to be contained in the anticyclone at 360 K and sometimes above. The authors conclude that current CCMs capture the average large-scale synoptic structure of the ISM well during July and August, but large differences for the interannual variability make assessments of likely future changes of the ISM highly uncertain.

Document Type:Article
Title:Influences of the Indian Summer Monsoon on water vapour and ozone concentrations in the UTLS as simulated by Chemistry-Climate Models
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Kunze, MarkusFU Berlin Meteorologie
Braesicke, PeterUCAM Cambridge, UK
Langematz, UlrikeFU Berlin Meteorologie
Stiller, GabrieleKIT FZ Karlsruhe
Bekki, SlimaneLATMOS-ISPL Paris, F
Brühl, ChristophMPI Chemie Mainz
Chipperfield, MartynUniv. Leeds, UK
Dameris, MartinDLR-PA
Garcia, RolandoNCAR Boulder, CO, USA
Giorgetta, MarcoMPI Meteorologie Hamburg
Date:2010
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Climate
Refereed publication:Yes
In Open Access:No
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:23
DOI:10.1175/2010JCLI3280.1
Page Range:pp. 3525-3544
Status:Published
Keywords:monsson, upper troposphere, lower stratosphere, ozone, climate change, numerical modelling
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben Atmosphären- und Klimaforschung (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Atmospheric Dynamics
Deposited By: Prof. Dr. rer. nat. Martin Dameris
Deposited On:27 Sep 2010 11:51
Last Modified:26 Mar 2013 13:19

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