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Colloids as model systems for metals and alloys: a case study of crystallization

Herlach, Dieter und Klassen, Ina und Wette, Patrick und Holland-Moritz, Dirk (2010) Colloids as model systems for metals and alloys: a case study of crystallization. Journal of Physics - Condensed Matter, 22 (15), . IOP Publishing. DOI: 10.1088/0953-8984/22/15/153101.

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Kurzfassung

Metallic systems are widely used as materials in daily human life. Their properties depend very much on the production route. In order to improve the production process and even develop novel materials a detailed knowledge of all physical processes involved in crystallization is mandatory. Atomic systems like metals are characterized by very high relaxation rates, which make direct investigations of crys-tallization very difficult and in some cases impossible. In contrast, phase transitions in colloidal systems are very sluggish and colloidal suspensions are optically transparent. Therefore, colloidal systems are often discussed as model systems for metals. In the present work, we study the crystallization process of charged colloidal systems from the very beginning. Charged colloids offer the advantage that the interac-tion potential can be systematically tuned by a variation of the particle number density and the salt con-centration. We apply light scattering and ultra-small angle x-ray scattering to investigate the formation of short-range order in the liquid state even far from equilibrium, crystal nucleation and crystal growth. The results are compared with equivalent studies on metallic systems. They are critically assessed with respect to similarities and differences

Dokumentart:Zeitschriftenbeitrag
Titel:Colloids as model systems for metals and alloys: a case study of crystallization
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Herlach, Dieterdieter.herlach@dlr.de
Klassen, Inaina.klassen@dlr.de
Wette, Patrickpatrick.wette@dlr.de
Holland-Moritz, Dirkdirk.holland-morirt@dlr.de
Datum:März 2010
Erschienen in:Journal of Physics - Condensed Matter
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In SCOPUS:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Ja
Band:22
DOI :10.1088/0953-8984/22/15/153101
Seitenbereich:
Verlag:IOP Publishing
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:charged colloidal suspensions, short range order in liquid state, nucleation
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programmthema:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen (alt)
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Weltraum
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:W FR - Forschung unter Weltraumbedingungen
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):W - Vorhaben Materialwissenschaftliche Forschung (alt)
Standort: Köln-Porz
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Materialphysik im Weltraum
Hinterlegt von: Dieter Herlach
Hinterlegt am:11 Mär 2010 11:42
Letzte Änderung:12 Dez 2013 20:55

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