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A Novel Integrity Concept for GBAS Precision Approaches Induced by Error Propagation with Non-Gaussian Distributions

Dautermann, Thomas and Belabbas, Boubeker and Rémi, Patrick (2009) A Novel Integrity Concept for GBAS Precision Approaches Induced by Error Propagation with Non-Gaussian Distributions. Atti dell'Istituto Italiano di Navigazione, 190, pp. 187-192. Italian Institute of Navigation. ISSN 1120-6977.

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Official URL: http://www.istitutoitalianonavigazione.org/categoria.asp?Area=3&Categoria=8

Abstract

In a differential GPS system such as the ground based augmentation system (GBAS) for precision approaches of aircraft, GPS reference stations with known locations are utilized to determine and remove most of the ranging uncertainties of the GNSS system in use. Corrections are broadcast to the aircraft and all but residual errors are eliminated. These residual pseudorange errors are due to the position difference between the aircraft and the reference station and lead to a position uncertainty of the aircraft. To qualify for category I precision guidance, the system has to guarantee that undetected pseudorange errors do not cause horizontal and vertical position errors larger than the horizontal and vertical alert limits with a probability smaller than $2\times 10^{-7}$ per approach. There are four fundamental sources of residual pseudorange error for a single frequency GBAS system: signal multipath, receiver noise $N_0$, residual troposphere error due to the differential applied troposphere model and the error induced by ionosphere gradients. In this work we combined different theoretical probability density functions (PDF) for each individual error to a combined pseudorange error distribution. This distribution was propagated through the GBAS Hatch filter and then mapped into the position domain using a one day constellation change observed at Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany (ICAO Identifier EDMO). Where possible, the propagation process was carried out through analytical convolution. When no analytical solution existed, we either performed a numerical solution of the convolution integrals (if the PDF was available in an analytical form) or used numerical convolution for discrete timeseries. The PDF propagation though the Hatch filter was simulated using a pseudo random generator based on the pseudorange error PDF. Our calculations using the unapproximated PDFs yielded a significant reduction of the position domain error at the $2\times 10^{-7}$ integrity risk level when compared to classical methods like Gaussian or Gaussian Mixture overbounding. Indeed, the results suggest a new integrity concept that could be beneficial in obtaining CAT-III performance. The concept employs alert limits and protection levels in the along-track, cross-track and vertical direction rather than the traditional dual split in horizontal and vertical components only. This new concept does not need inflation factors and promises real-time performance through look-up tables. With assumed realistic minimum detectable errors (MDE) for GBAS monitoring algorithms, the position domain error bounds can be reduced even further and decrease close to the projected CAT-III alert limits. This is especially true since the projected ionosphere threat space for Europe does not contain the extreme gradients that have been observed over the continental US.

Document Type:Article
Title:A Novel Integrity Concept for GBAS Precision Approaches Induced by Error Propagation with Non-Gaussian Distributions
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Dautermann, Thomasthomas.dautermann@dlr.de
Belabbas, Boubekerboubeker.belabbas@dlr.de
Rémi, Patrickpartick.remi@dlr.de
Date:December 2009
Journal or Publication Title:Atti dell'Istituto Italiano di Navigazione
Refereed publication:No
In SCOPUS:No
In ISI Web of Science:No
Volume:190
Page Range:pp. 187-192
Publisher:Italian Institute of Navigation
ISSN:1120-6977
Status:Published
Keywords:GBAS CAT-I Approach Error-Distributions Convolution
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport
HGF - Program:Aeronautics
HGF - Program Themes:ATM and Operation
DLR - Research area:Aeronautics
DLR - Program:L AO - Air Traffic Management and Operation
DLR - Research theme (Project):L - Effiziente Flugführung und Flugbetrieb (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Communication and Navigation
Institute of Communication and Navigation > Navigation
Deposited By: Dr. Thomas Dautermann
Deposited On:13 Jan 2010 07:11
Last Modified:07 Feb 2013 20:09

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