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Investigation of the ground reflectance for spaceborne IPDA lidar measurements of greenhouse gases

Amediek, Axel and Fix, Andreas and Ehret, Gerhard and Caron, Jerome and Durand, Yannig (2009) Investigation of the ground reflectance for spaceborne IPDA lidar measurements of greenhouse gases. European Geosciences Union General Assembly, 19.-24. Apr. 2009, Wien, Österreich.

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Abstract

Active remote sensing using lidar shows high potential for the measurement of atmospheric greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide or methane from spaceborne platforms. Due to the weak atmospheric backscatter in the near IR the IPDA lidar (Integrating Path Differential Absorption Lidar) technique is preferred over the range resolving DIAL method. IPDA shows much better performance with respect to systems of comparable size. Sensitivity studies reveal, that this technique promises to match the stringent sensitivity requirements. The earth´s surface reflectance becomes an important issue, since an IPDA lidar uses the laser return of the ground. Gradients of the ground reflectance could introduce noticeable retrieval errors in the column content of the measured gas. Therefore airborne lidar measurements at 1.6 µm wavelength were performed to investigate this type of error source. A lidar system was deployed on the DLR research aircraft Cessna Caravan to measure the variations of the ground return. Data from different regions and various terrains across Europe were collected including sea surfaces. In order to simulate a satellite system the data were upscaled to a larger ground spot corresponding to a conceivable spaceborne setup. The focus of the analyses was on the small-scale reflectance variability as well as the overall dynamic range. Comparisons to MODIS reflectances are performed additionally. It is shown that the impact of this error source on spaceborne CO2 measurements is on the order of 0.2 ppm.

Document Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Title:Investigation of the ground reflectance for spaceborne IPDA lidar measurements of greenhouse gases
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Amediek, Axelaxel.amediek@dlr.de
Fix, Andreasandreas.fix@dlr.de
Ehret, Gerhardgerhard.ehret@dlr.de
Caron, JeromeJerome.Caron@esa.int
Durand, YannigYannig.Durand@esa.int
Date:April 2009
Refereed publication:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:No
Status:Published
Keywords:Lidar, Treibhausgas, IPDA, Kohlendioxid
Event Title:European Geosciences Union General Assembly
Event Location:Wien, Österreich
Event Type:Conference
Event Dates:19.-24. Apr. 2009
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Vorhaben LIDAR-Forschung und -Entwicklung (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Lidar
Deposited By: Dr.rer.nat. Axel Amediek
Deposited On:22 Jul 2009 14:38
Last Modified:24 Sep 2012 12:11

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