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MIPAS: An Instrument for Atmospheric and Climate Research

Fischer, H. and Birk, M. and Blom, C. and Carli, B. and Carlotti, M. and von Clarmann, T. and Delbouille, L. and Dudhia, A. and Ehhalt, D. and Endemann, M. and Flaud, J.-M. and Gessner, R. and Kleinert, A. and Koopmann, R. and Langen, J. and López-Puertas, M. and Mosner, P. and Nett, H. and Oelhaf, H. and Perron, G. and Remedios, J. and Ridolfi, M. and Stiller, G. and Zander, R. (2008) MIPAS: An Instrument for Atmospheric and Climate Research. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 8, pp. 2151-2188. Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union. ISSN 1680-7324.

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/8/2151/2008/

Abstract

MIPAS, the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding, is a mid-infrared emission spectrometer which is part of the core payload of ENVISAT. It is a limb sounder, i.e. it scans across the horizon detecting atmospheric spectral radiances which are inverted to vertical temperature, trace species and cloud distributions. These data can be used for scientific investigations in various research fields including dynamics and chemistry in the altitude region between upper troposphere and lower thermosphere. The instrument is a well calibrated and characterized Fourier transform spectrometer which is able to detect many trace constituents simultaneously. The different concepts of retrieval methods are described including multi-target and two-dimensional retrievals. Operationally generated data sets consist of temperature, H2O, O3, CH4, N2O, HNO3, and NO2 profiles. Measurement errors are investigated in detail and random and systematic errors are specified. The results are validated by independent instrumentation which has been operated at ground stations or aboard balloon gondolas and aircraft. Intercomparisons of MIPAS measurements with other satellite data have been carried out, too. As a result, it has been proven that the MIPAS data are of good quality. MIPAS can be operated in different measurement modes in order to optimize the scientific output. Due to the wealth of information in the MIPAS spectra, many scientific results have already been published. They include intercomparisons of temperature distributions with ECMWF data, the derivation of the whole NOy family, the study of atmospheric processes during the Antarctic vortex split in September 2002, the determination of properties of Polar Stratospheric Clouds, the downward transport of NOx in the middle atmosphere, the stratosphere-troposphere exchange, the influence of solar variability on the middle atmosphere, and the observation of Non-LTE effects in the mesosphere.

Document Type:Article
Title:MIPAS: An Instrument for Atmospheric and Climate Research
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Fischer, H.Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe und Universität Karlsruhe
Birk, M.UNSPECIFIED
Blom, C.Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe und Universität Karlsruhe
Carli, B.IFAC-CNR, Florence, Italy
Carlotti, M.University of Bologna, Bolobna, Italy
von Clarmann, T.Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe und Universität Karlsruhe
Delbouille, L.Université de Liège, Belgium
Dudhia, A.University of Oxford
Ehhalt, D.Forschungszentrum Jülich, Institut für Atmosphärische Chemie
Endemann, M.ESA/ESRIN, Frascati, Italy and ESA/ESTEC, Noordwijk, Netherlands
Flaud, J.-M.LISA, CNRS, Université Paris VII et XII, France
Gessner, R.EADS Astrium GmbH, Friedrichshafen und München, Germany
Kleinert, A.Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe und Universität Karlsruhe
Koopmann, R.ESA/ESRIN, Frascati, Italy and ESA/ESTEC, Noordwijk, Netherlands
Langen, J.ESA/ESRIN, Frascati, Italy and ESA/ESTEC, Noordwijk, Netherlands
López-Puertas, M.Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA), Granada, Spain
Mosner, P.EADS Astrium GmbH, Friedrichshafen und München, Germany
Nett, H.ESA/ESRIN, Frascati, Italy and ESA/ESTEC, Noordwijk, Netherlands
Oelhaf, H.Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe und Universität Karlsruhe
Perron, G.ABB Bomem Inc, Quebec, Canada
Remedios, J.Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of Leicester
Ridolfi, M.University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
Stiller, G.Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe und Universität Karlsruhe
Zander, R.Université de Liège, Belgium
Date:2008
Journal or Publication Title:Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Refereed publication:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:8
Page Range:pp. 2151-2188
Publisher:Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union
ISSN:1680-7324
Status:Published
Keywords:MIPAS, ENVISAT, atmospheric chemistry, atmospheric dynamics, limb sounding, infrared, Fourier-transform spectroscopy
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Research theme (Project):W - Projekt ENVISAT (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Remote Sensing Technology Institute > Experimental Methods
Deposited By: Dr.rer.nat. Georg Wagner
Deposited On:24 Sep 2008
Last Modified:27 Apr 2009 15:12

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