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Radiative forcing from particle emissions by future supersonic aircraft

Pitari, G. und Iachetti, D. und Mancini, E. und Montanaro, V. und De Luca, N. und Marizy, C. und Dessens, O. und Rogers, H. und Pyle, J. und Grewe, V. und Stenke, A. und Søvde, O.A. (2008) Radiative forcing from particle emissions by future supersonic aircraft. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 8, Seiten 4069-4084.

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Offizielle URL: http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/8/4069/2008/acp-8-4069-2008.pdf

Kurzfassung

In this work we focus on the direct radiative forcing (RF) of black carbon (BC) and sulphuric acid particles emitted by future supersonic aircraft, as well as on the ozone RF due to changes produced by emissions of both gas species (NOx, H<sub>2</sub>O) and aerosol particles capable of affecting stratospheric ozone chemistry. Heterogeneous chemical reactions on the surface of sulphuric acid stratospheric particles (SSA-SAD) are the main link between ozone chemistry and supersonic aircraft emissions of sulphur precursors (SO<sub>2</sub>) and particles (H<sub>2</sub>O–H<sub>2</sub>SO<sub>4</sub>). Photochemical O<sub>3</sub> changes are compared from four independent 3-D atmosphere-chemistry models (ACMs), using as input the perturbation of SSA-SAD calculated in the University of L'Aquila model, which includes on-line a microphysics code for aerosol formation and growth. The ACMs in this study use aircraft emission scenarios for the year 2050 developed by AIRBUS as a part of the EU project SCENIC, assessing options for fleet size, engine technology (NOx emission index), Mach number, range and cruising altitude. From our baseline modeling simulation, the impact of supersonic aircraft on sulphuric acid aerosol and BC mass burdens is 53 and 1.5 μg/m<sup>2</sup>, respectively, with a direct RF of −11.4 and 4.6 mW/m<sup>2</sup> (net RF=−6.8 mW/m<sup>2</sup>). This paper discusses the similarities and differences amongst the participating models in terms of changes to O<sub>3</sub> precursors due to aircraft emissions (NOx, HOx,Clx,Brx) and the stratospheric ozone sensitivity to them. In the baseline case, the calculated global ozone change is −0.4 ±0.3 DU, with a net radiative forcing (IR+UV) of −2.5± 2 mW/m<sup>2</sup>. The fraction of this O<sub>3</sub>-RF attributable to SSA-SAD changes is, however, highly variable among the models, depending on the NOx removal efficiency from the aircraft emission regions by large scale transport.

Dokumentart:Zeitschriftenbeitrag
Titel:Radiative forcing from particle emissions by future supersonic aircraft
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Pitari, G.Univ. L'Aquila, I
Iachetti, D.Univ. L'Aquila, I
Mancini, E.Univ. L'Aquila, I
Montanaro, V.Univ. L'Aquila, I
De Luca, N.Univ. L'Aquila, I
Marizy, C.AIRBUS, Toulouse, F
Dessens, O.Univ. of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
Rogers, H.Univ. of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
Pyle, J.Univ. of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
Grewe, V.NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Stenke, A.NICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Søvde, O.A.Univ. of Oslo, N
Datum:2008
Erschienen in:Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In Open Access:Ja
In SCOPUS:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Ja
Band:8
Seitenbereich:Seiten 4069-4084
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:black carbon, sulphuric acid particles, supersonic aircraft, radiative forcing, climate impact
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Luftfahrt, Raumfahrt und Verkehr
HGF - Programm:Luftfahrt
HGF - Programmthema:L VU - Luftverkehr und Umwelt (alt)
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Luftfahrt
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:L VU - Luftverkehr und Umwelt
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):L - Schadstoffarmer Luftverkehr (alt)
Standort: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre > Dynamik der Atmosphäre
Hinterlegt von: Dr.rer.nat. Andrea Stenke
Hinterlegt am:26 Aug 2008
Letzte Änderung:20 Okt 2014 14:32

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