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Size distribution, mass concentration, chemical and mineralogical composition, and derived optical parameters of the boundary layer aerosol at Tinfou, Morocco, during SAMUM 2006

Kandler, Konrad und Schütz, Lothar und Deutscher, Carmen und Hofmann, Heiko und Jäckel, Simon und Knippert, Peter und Lieke, Kirsten und Massling, Andreas und Schladitz, Alexander und Weinzierl, Bernadett und Zorn, Sören und Ebert, Martin und Jaenicke, Ruprecht und Petzold, Andreas und Weinbruch, Stefan (2009) Size distribution, mass concentration, chemical and mineralogical composition, and derived optical parameters of the boundary layer aerosol at Tinfou, Morocco, during SAMUM 2006. Tellus B - Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 61B, Seiten 32-50. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0889.2008.00385.x.

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Offizielle URL: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/118533053/home

Kurzfassung

During the SAMUM 2006 field campaign in southern Morocco, physical and chemical properties of desert aerosols were measured. Mass concentrations ranging from 30 �¼g m<sup>-3</sup> for PM2.5 under desert background conditions up to 300,000 �¼g m<sup>-3</sup> for total suspended particles (TSP) during moderate dust storms were measured. TSP dust concentrations are correlated with the local wind speed, whereas PM10 and PM2.5 concentrations are determined by advection from distant sources. Size distributions were measured for particles between 20 nm and 500 �¼m diameter (parameterizations are given). Two major regimes of the size spectrum can be distinguished. Smaller than 500 nm particle diameter, the distributions show maxima around 80 nm, widely unaffected of varying meteorological and dust emission conditions. For particles larger than 500 nm, the range of variation may be up to one order of magnitude and up to three orders of magnitude for particles larger than 10 �¼m. The mineralogical composition of aerosol bulk samples was measured by X-ray powder diffraction. Major constituents of the aerosol are quartz, potassium feldspar, plagioclase, calcite, hematite, and the clay minerals illite, kaolinite, and chlorite. A small temporal variability of the bulk mineralogical composition was encountered. The chemical composition of approximately 74,000 particles was determined by electron microscopic single particle analysis. Three size regimes are identified: Smaller than 500 nm in diameter, the aerosol consists of sulfates and mineral dust. Larger than 500 nm up to 50 �¼m, mineral dust dominates, consisting mainly of silicates, and â�� to a lesser extent â�� carbonates and quartz. Larger than 50 �¼m, approximately half of the particles consist of quartz. Time series of the elemental composition show a moderate temporal variability of the major compounds. Calcium-dominated particles are enhanced during advection from a prominent dust source in Northern Africa (Chott El Djerid and surroundings). The particle aspect ratio was measured for all analyzed particles. Its size dependence reflects that of the chemical composition. Larger than 500 nm particle diameter, a median aspect ratio of 1.6 is measured. Towards smaller particles, it decreases to about 1.3 (parameterizations are given). From the chemical/mineralogical composition, the aerosol complex refractive index was determined for several wavelengths from ultraviolet to near infrared. Both real and imaginary parts show lower values for particles smaller than 500 nm diameter (1.55â��2.8��10<sup>-3</sup>i at 530 nm) and slightly higher values for larger particles (1.57â��58 3.7��10<sup>-3</sup>i at 530 nm).

Dokumentart:Zeitschriftenbeitrag
Titel:Size distribution, mass concentration, chemical and mineralogical composition, and derived optical parameters of the boundary layer aerosol at Tinfou, Morocco, during SAMUM 2006
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Kandler, KonradTechnische Univ. Darmstadt
Schütz, LotharJohannes-Gutenberg-Univ. Mainz
Deutscher, CarmenJohannes-Gutenberg-Univ. Mainz
Hofmann, HeikoTechnische Univ. Darmstadt
Jäckel, SimonTechnische Univ. Darmstadt
Knippert, PeterJohannes-Gutenberg-Univ. Mainz
Lieke, KirstenTechnische Univ. Darmstadt
Massling, AndreasLeibnitz-Institut für Troposphärenforschung, Leipzig
Schladitz, AlexanderLeibnitz-Institut für Troposphärenforschung, Leipzig
Weinzierl, BernadettNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Zorn, SörenJohannes-Gutenberg-Univ. Mainz
Ebert, MartinTechnische Univ. Darmstadt
Jaenicke, RuprechtJohannes-Gutenberg-Univ. Mainz
Petzold, AndreasNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Weinbruch, StefanTechnische Univ. Darmstadt
Datum:2009
Erschienen in:Tellus B - Chemical and Physical Meteorology
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In Open Access:Ja
In SCOPUS:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Ja
Band:61B
DOI :10.1111/j.1600-0889.2008.00385.x
Seitenbereich:Seiten 32-50
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:SAMUM; aerosol; chemical composition; single-particle analysis; refractive index
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programmthema:W - keine Zuordnung
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Weltraum
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:W - keine Zuordnung
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):W -- keine Zuordnung (alt)
Standort: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre > Atmosphärische Spurenstoffe
Hinterlegt von: Dr.rer.nat. Bernadett Weinzierl
Hinterlegt am:04 Aug 2008
Letzte Änderung:12 Dez 2013 20:32

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