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Size distribution, mass concentration, chemical and mineralogical composition, and derived optical parameters of the boundary layer aerosol at Tinfou, Morocco, during SAMUM 2006

Kandler, Konrad and Schütz, Lothar and Deutscher, Carmen and Hofmann, Heiko and Jäckel, Simon and Knippert, Peter and Lieke, Kirsten and Massling, Andreas and Schladitz, Alexander and Weinzierl, Bernadett and Zorn, Sören and Ebert, Martin and Jaenicke, Ruprecht and Petzold, Andreas and Weinbruch, Stefan (2009) Size distribution, mass concentration, chemical and mineralogical composition, and derived optical parameters of the boundary layer aerosol at Tinfou, Morocco, during SAMUM 2006. Tellus B - Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 61B, pp. 32-50. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0889.2008.00385.x.

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Official URL: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/118533053/home

Abstract

During the SAMUM 2006 field campaign in southern Morocco, physical and chemical properties of desert aerosols were measured. Mass concentrations ranging from 30 �¼g m<sup>-3</sup> for PM2.5 under desert background conditions up to 300,000 �¼g m<sup>-3</sup> for total suspended particles (TSP) during moderate dust storms were measured. TSP dust concentrations are correlated with the local wind speed, whereas PM10 and PM2.5 concentrations are determined by advection from distant sources. Size distributions were measured for particles between 20 nm and 500 �¼m diameter (parameterizations are given). Two major regimes of the size spectrum can be distinguished. Smaller than 500 nm particle diameter, the distributions show maxima around 80 nm, widely unaffected of varying meteorological and dust emission conditions. For particles larger than 500 nm, the range of variation may be up to one order of magnitude and up to three orders of magnitude for particles larger than 10 �¼m. The mineralogical composition of aerosol bulk samples was measured by X-ray powder diffraction. Major constituents of the aerosol are quartz, potassium feldspar, plagioclase, calcite, hematite, and the clay minerals illite, kaolinite, and chlorite. A small temporal variability of the bulk mineralogical composition was encountered. The chemical composition of approximately 74,000 particles was determined by electron microscopic single particle analysis. Three size regimes are identified: Smaller than 500 nm in diameter, the aerosol consists of sulfates and mineral dust. Larger than 500 nm up to 50 �¼m, mineral dust dominates, consisting mainly of silicates, and â�� to a lesser extent â�� carbonates and quartz. Larger than 50 �¼m, approximately half of the particles consist of quartz. Time series of the elemental composition show a moderate temporal variability of the major compounds. Calcium-dominated particles are enhanced during advection from a prominent dust source in Northern Africa (Chott El Djerid and surroundings). The particle aspect ratio was measured for all analyzed particles. Its size dependence reflects that of the chemical composition. Larger than 500 nm particle diameter, a median aspect ratio of 1.6 is measured. Towards smaller particles, it decreases to about 1.3 (parameterizations are given). From the chemical/mineralogical composition, the aerosol complex refractive index was determined for several wavelengths from ultraviolet to near infrared. Both real and imaginary parts show lower values for particles smaller than 500 nm diameter (1.55â��2.8��10<sup>-3</sup>i at 530 nm) and slightly higher values for larger particles (1.57â��58 3.7��10<sup>-3</sup>i at 530 nm).

Document Type:Article
Title:Size distribution, mass concentration, chemical and mineralogical composition, and derived optical parameters of the boundary layer aerosol at Tinfou, Morocco, during SAMUM 2006
Authors:
AuthorsInstitution or Email of Authors
Kandler, KonradTechnische Univ. Darmstadt
Schütz, LotharJohannes-Gutenberg-Univ. Mainz
Deutscher, CarmenJohannes-Gutenberg-Univ. Mainz
Hofmann, HeikoTechnische Univ. Darmstadt
Jäckel, SimonTechnische Univ. Darmstadt
Knippert, PeterJohannes-Gutenberg-Univ. Mainz
Lieke, KirstenTechnische Univ. Darmstadt
Massling, AndreasLeibnitz-Institut für Troposphärenforschung, Leipzig
Schladitz, AlexanderLeibnitz-Institut für Troposphärenforschung, Leipzig
Weinzierl, BernadettUNSPECIFIED
Zorn, SörenJohannes-Gutenberg-Univ. Mainz
Ebert, MartinTechnische Univ. Darmstadt
Jaenicke, RuprechtJohannes-Gutenberg-Univ. Mainz
Petzold, AndreasUNSPECIFIED
Weinbruch, StefanTechnische Univ. Darmstadt
Date:2009
Journal or Publication Title:Tellus B - Chemical and Physical Meteorology
Refereed publication:Yes
In Open Access:Yes
In SCOPUS:Yes
In ISI Web of Science:Yes
Volume:61B
DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0889.2008.00385.x
Page Range:pp. 32-50
Status:Published
Keywords:SAMUM; aerosol; chemical composition; single-particle analysis; refractive index
HGF - Research field:Aeronautics, Space and Transport (old)
HGF - Program:Space (old)
HGF - Program Themes:W - no assignement
DLR - Research area:Space
DLR - Program:W - no assignement
DLR - Research theme (Project):W -- no assignement (old)
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institutes and Institutions:Institute of Atmospheric Physics > Atmospheric Trace Species
Deposited By: Dr.rer.nat. Bernadett Weinzierl
Deposited On:04 Aug 2008
Last Modified:12 Dec 2013 20:32

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