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Instantaneous fluctuations of temperature and moisture in the upper troposphere and tropopause region. Part 2: Structure functions and intermittency.

Dotzek, Nikolai und Gierens, Klaus (2008) Instantaneous fluctuations of temperature and moisture in the upper troposphere and tropopause region. Part 2: Structure functions and intermittency. Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 17, Seiten 323-337. DOI: 10.1127/0941-2948/2008/0292.

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Kurzfassung

Probability density functions (p.d.f.s) in MOZAIC instantaneous fluctuations of temperature, relative and absolute humidity with various spatial resolutions had shown signs of intermittency. This appears to have originated either from turbulence or certain physical processes (e.g. gravity waves, deep convection) that bring air masses of different origin close together or from air mass boundaries within the averaging volumes, at which the thermodynamical properties show a discontinuity and are nearly independent on both sides of the boundary. In the present paper, we derive a stochastic model for the observed p.d.f.s in the tropopause region and compare the p.d.f.s of the fluctuations in the atmosphere to small-scale Rayleigh-Bénard convection p.d.f.s with similar shapes. In both cases, intermittency originates from rare events of large amplitude superposed unto a Gaussian background. The peculiar ogival shape of some of the distributions results from the sampling procedure, and the ogival character becomes more pronounced with increasing spatial resolution. Analysis of structure functions up to order three reveals that theMOZAIC data represent an intermediate state between large-scale two-dimensional and small-scale three-dimensional inertial range turbulence. This can be visualised by the scale interaction of the typical length of MOZAIC flight legs and the sampling rate (and hence also spacing). While flight legs belong to and exceed the synoptic scale, the events causing intermittency have a scale roughly corresponding to the sampling scale which is clearly sub-synoptic. Our results are directly relevant for the development of stochastic cloud-microphysical schemes in general circulation and weather forecast models.

Dokumentart:Zeitschriftenbeitrag
Titel:Instantaneous fluctuations of temperature and moisture in the upper troposphere and tropopause region. Part 2: Structure functions and intermittency.
Autoren:
AutorenInstitution oder E-Mail-Adresse der Autoren
Dotzek, NikolaiNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Gierens, KlausNICHT SPEZIFIZIERT
Datum:Juni 2008
Erschienen in:Meteorologische Zeitschrift
Referierte Publikation:Ja
In Open Access:Ja
In SCOPUS:Ja
In ISI Web of Science:Ja
Band:17
DOI :10.1127/0941-2948/2008/0292
Seitenbereich:Seiten 323-337
Status:veröffentlicht
Stichwörter:Fluctuations, Tropopause, Intermittency, Structure Function, Stochastic Model
HGF - Forschungsbereich:Verkehr und Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programm:Weltraum (alt)
HGF - Programmthema:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Schwerpunkt:Weltraum
DLR - Forschungsgebiet:W EO - Erdbeobachtung
DLR - Teilgebiet (Projekt, Vorhaben):W - Projekt Partikel und Zirren II (alt)
Standort: Oberpfaffenhofen
Institute & Einrichtungen:Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre > Dynamik der Atmosphäre
Hinterlegt von: Dr.rer.nat. Nikolai Dotzek
Hinterlegt am:30 Jun 2008
Letzte Änderung:20 Okt 2014 14:32

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